Cultural Differences and Inferences About Psychological Processes.

@article{Cole1971CulturalDA,
  title={Cultural Differences and Inferences About Psychological Processes.},
  author={Michael Cole and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Seymour Bruner},
  journal={American Psychologist},
  year={1971},
  volume={26},
  pages={867-876}
}
PERHAPS the most prevalent view of the source of ethnic and social class differences in intellectual performance is what might be summed up under the label "the deficit hypothesis." I t can be stated briefly, without risk of gross exaggeration. It rests on the assumption that a community under conditions of poverty (for it is the poor who are the focus of attention, and a disproportionate number of the poor are members of minority ethnic groups) is a disorganized community, and this… Expand
Early Influences on Development: Fact or Fancy?.
level can forsee the deviancy disappearing at other ages or in other contexts. Hyperactivity, for example, can be seen as both normal and abnormal depending on whether the child is a pre-schooler orExpand
Traditions in the Social-Psychological Analysis of Race Relations
In examining the history of the social-psychological involvement in the analysis of race relations, two recurrent themes, first noted by Blumer in 1958, are evident in the literature. The first isExpand
Cultural Deprivation and Cognitive Competence
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the cultural deprivation and cognitive competence. A disadvantaged or culturally deprived child is characterized by his failure in the academic situation.Expand
Psychological Differentiation and Socioeconomic and Demographic Backgrounds of a Diverse Group of College Students
The effects of a family's socioeconomic status on psychological differentiation were tested separately for performance on the Hidden Figures Test, the Hidden Patterns Test, and the Modified This IExpand
Culture and Poverty in Appalachia: A Theoretical Discussion and Empirical Analysis
The prevalent explanation for the persistence of poverty in Appalachia stresses the region's traditional culture which ill equips its population for participation in the modern world. This researchExpand
Dress Rehearsals for Psychological Performance
Since Rivers’ early discussions regarding the role of environmental experience in focusing the “direction of attention” in perceptual inference habits, research has accumulated indicating thatExpand
Linking Race and Ethnicity to Culture: Steps along the Road from Inference to Hypothesis Testing
The critical perspectives advanced by Gjerde, and Turiel and Perkins challenge scholars to forego the tendency to characterize cultures by general orientations (e.g., individualism vs. collectivism)Expand
A Socialization-Mediated Self-Defeating Model for Evaluation of Black-White Performance Differences on Intelligence Test Batteries
Black children are strikingly overrepresented in special educational programs. For example, 43 percent of the black children in New Jersey’s public school system were classified as Educable MentallyExpand
In pursuit of a culturally anchored methodology
The need to represent and understand diverse cultural groups and populations, particularly those who are underserved or inappropriately served, has been a rallying cry for Community Psychology sinceExpand
Developmental Psychology and Society
It would be reasonable to assume that psychologists in their everyday lives nourish within them, like everyone else, some concept of a better world. Few of them, however, have said very much aboutExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES
Early experience and the socialization of cognitive modes in children.
This paper deals with the question: what is cultural deprivation and how does it act to shape and depress the resources of the human mind? The arguments presented are: first, that the behavior whichExpand
The Neglected Situation
IT HARDLY seems possible to name a social variable that doesn't show up and have its little systematic effect upon speech behavior: age, sex, class, caste, country of origin, generation, region,Expand
TOWARD A HISTORY OF AMERICAN NEGRO DIALECT
The two articles (Stewart 1967, 1968) on Negro dialect history which are reprinted here are in a sense belated products of the Conference on Social Dialects and Language Learning held at Bloomington,Expand
Pygmalion in the Classroom
In 1965 the authors conducted an experiment in a public elementary school, telling teachers that certain children could be expected to be “growth spurters,” based on the students' results on theExpand
Infant day care and attachment.
TLDR
An association was found between strength of attachment and developmental level of the child and between strengthOf attachment and amount of stimulation and support for development available in the home. Expand
A tutorial language program to develop abstract thinking in socially disadvantaged preschool children.
TLDR
A specialized language program was developed to facilitate abstract thinking in young deprived children through short, individual tutoring sessions on a daily basis and a marked gain in IQ for the groups who received the specialized tutoring and no significant gains for the control groups. Expand
How Much Can We Boost IQ and Scholastic Achievement
Arthur Jensen argues that the failure of recent compensatory education efforts to produce lasting effects on children's IQ and achievement suggests that the premises on which these efforts have beenExpand
The early training project for disadvantaged children: a report after five years.
  • R. Klaus, S. Gray
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
  • 1968
TLDR
This paper presents a meta-modelling framework for evaluating the impact of environmental influences on educational practices and recommends a number of strategies to address these issues. Expand
Structural Anthropology
The Savage MindBy Claude Lévi-Strauss. (The Nature of Human Society Series.) Pp. xii + 290. (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1966.) 45s. net.
THE STUDY OF COMPETENCE IN COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Abstract Les auteurs passent en revue certaines tendances contemporaines concemant I'etude des processus cognitifs et ils mettent l'accent sur quelques-uns des problemes non resolus par ces theories.Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...