Cultural Differences and Inferences About Psychological Processes.

  title={Cultural Differences and Inferences About Psychological Processes.},
  author={Michael Cole and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Seymour Bruner},
  journal={American Psychologist},
PERHAPS the most prevalent view of the source of ethnic and social class differences in intellectual performance is what might be summed up under the label "the deficit hypothesis." I t can be stated briefly, without risk of gross exaggeration. It rests on the assumption that a community under conditions of poverty (for it is the poor who are the focus of attention, and a disproportionate number of the poor are members of minority ethnic groups) is a disorganized community, and this… Expand
Early Influences on Development: Fact or Fancy?.
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It would be reasonable to assume that psychologists in their everyday lives nourish within them, like everyone else, some concept of a better world. Few of them, however, have said very much aboutExpand


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The two articles (Stewart 1967, 1968) on Negro dialect history which are reprinted here are in a sense belated products of the Conference on Social Dialects and Language Learning held at Bloomington,Expand
Pygmalion in the Classroom
In 1965 the authors conducted an experiment in a public elementary school, telling teachers that certain children could be expected to be “growth spurters,” based on the students' results on theExpand
Infant day care and attachment.
An association was found between strength of attachment and developmental level of the child and between strengthOf attachment and amount of stimulation and support for development available in the home. Expand
A tutorial language program to develop abstract thinking in socially disadvantaged preschool children.
A specialized language program was developed to facilitate abstract thinking in young deprived children through short, individual tutoring sessions on a daily basis and a marked gain in IQ for the groups who received the specialized tutoring and no significant gains for the control groups. Expand
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The early training project for disadvantaged children: a report after five years.
  • R. Klaus, S. Gray
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
  • 1968
This paper presents a meta-modelling framework for evaluating the impact of environmental influences on educational practices and recommends a number of strategies to address these issues. Expand
Structural Anthropology
The Savage MindBy Claude Lévi-Strauss. (The Nature of Human Society Series.) Pp. xii + 290. (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1966.) 45s. net.
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