Cultural Cannibalism as a Paleoeconomic System in the European Lower Pleistocene

  title={Cultural Cannibalism as a Paleoeconomic System in the European Lower Pleistocene},
  author={Eudald Carbonell and Isabel C{\'a}ceres and Marina Lozano and Palmira Saladi{\'e} and Jordi Rosell and Carlos Lorenzo and Josep Vallverd{\'u} and Rosa Huguet and Antonio Canals and Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Berm{\'u}dez de Castro},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={539 - 549}
Human cannibalism is currently recorded in abundant archaeological assemblages of different chronologies. The TD6 level of Gran Dolina (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos), at more than 800 ka, is the oldest case known at present. The analysis of cranial and postcranial remains of Homo antecessor has established the presence of various alterations of anthropic origin (cut marks and bone breakage) related with exploitation of carcasses. The human remains do not show a specific distribution, and they… 
Archaeological Evidence for Cannibalism in Prehistoric Western Europe: from Homo antecessor to the Bronze Age
Archaeological studies of human cannibalism and its causes have never lacked controversy. The reasons for this are both the difficulties in identifying cannibalism and the inherent complexity, by the
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Early Pleistocene human humeri from the Gran Dolina-TD6 site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain).
A morphometric comparative study of two Early Pleistocene humeri recovered from the TD6 level of the Gran Dolina cave site in Sierra de Atapuerca, northern Spain suggests that this suite of derived "Neandertal" features appeared early in the evolution of the genus Homo.
Neanderthal infant and adult infracranial remains from Marillac (Charente, France).
Evidence of peri-mortem manipulations have been identified on all three bones, with spiral fractures, percussion pits and, in the case of the radius and femur, unquestionable cutmarks made with flint implements, probably during defleshing.


Human cannibalism in the Early Pleistocene of Europe (Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain).
The characteristics of this fossil assemblage suggest that it is solely the result of consumptive activities as there is no evidence of ritual or other intention, andlight differences have been observed between fauna and humans that appear related to different musculature, weight, and bone structure.
Evidence for bronze age cannibalism in El Mirador Cave (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain).
During excavations of the Bronze Age levels at El Mirador Cave, a hole containing human remains was found. Taphonomic analysis revealed the existence of cutmarks, human toothmarks, cooking damage,
Paleobiology and comparative morphology of a late Neandertal sample from El Sidrón, Asturias, Spain
The large El Sidrón sample augments the European evolutionary lineage fossil record and supports ecogeographical variability across Neandertal populations.
Zooarchaeology and taphonomy of Aurora Stratum (Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain).
The zooarchaeological and taphonomic analyses of the macrovertebrate remains focus on species composition, weight and anatomic groups, as well as breakage intensity, type of fragmentation and surface damage in order to evaluate the faunal source, butchering techniques and economic strategies of the human groups involved.
Prehistoric cannibalism at Mancos 5MTUMR-2346
Cannibalism is one of the oldest and most emotionally charged topics in anthropological literature. This analysis of human bones from an Anasazi pueblo in southwestern Colorado, site 5MTUMR-2346,
Cannibalism in Britain: Taphonomy of the Creswellian (Pleistocene) faunal and human remains from Gough's Cave (Somerset, England)
Summary of taphonomic modifications seen on the fossil bones from Gough’s Cave shows human skeletons are better represented than are those of any of the other large mammals, while metapodials and phalanges are abundant, but most limb bones are poorly represented.
An Early Pleistocene hominin mandible from Atapuerca-TD6, Spain.
None of the mandibular features considered apomorphic in the European Middle and Early Upper Pleistocene hominin lineage are present in ATD6-96, which reinforces the taxonomic identity of H. antecessor and is consistent with the hypothesis of a close relationship between this species and Homo sapiens.
Evidence of Early Cannibalism
The oldest human remains and tools that have been discovered in southem Europe (from 780,000 years ago) were described in two recent reports: "Lower Pleistocene hominids and artifacts from
A hominid from the lower Pleistocene of Atapuerca, Spain: possible ancestor to Neandertals and modern humans.
Human fossil remains recovered from the TD6 level (Aurora stratum) of the lower Pleistocene cave site of Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain, exhibit a unique combination of cranial, mandibular,