Cultural Beliefs about Disability in Practice: Experiences at a Special School in Tanzania

@article{StoneMacdonald2012CulturalBA,
  title={Cultural Beliefs about Disability in Practice: Experiences at a Special School in Tanzania},
  author={Angi Stone-Macdonald},
  journal={International Journal of Disability, Development and Education},
  year={2012},
  volume={59},
  pages={393 - 407}
}
  • Angi Stone-Macdonald
  • Published 6 November 2012
  • Philosophy
  • International Journal of Disability, Development and Education
This article examines cultural beliefs and values about disability in one Tanzanian community and the influence of those beliefs on a school for children with disabilities. The larger ethnographic study examined the role of beliefs in the community and the development of the school curriculum. This study used the models of disability as a framework for classifying and understanding the different belief systems present. The study was conducted in a rural community in Tanzania at a school for… 
The perception of disability by community groups: Stories of local understanding, beliefs and challenges in a rural part of Kenya
TLDR
Local understanding of disability in this rural part of Kenya demonstrated overlapping explanations and plurality of beliefs, which reflected a healthy pluralism.
Jordanian parents’ beliefs about the causes of disability and the progress of their children with disabilities: insights on mainstream schools and segregated centres
Abstract This study aims to identify the beliefs of Jordanian parents of children with disabilities (CWD), including intellectual disabilities, specific learning disorders and Autism Spectrum
Persons with disabilities as experts-by experience: using personal narratives to affect community attitudes in Kilifi, Kenya
TLDR
This study provides a proof of concept regarding the deployment of persons with disabilities as agents for change in rural Kenya, using a process of reflection and education.
Traditional healers’ explanatory models of intellectual disability in Cape Town
TLDR
Findings on traditional healers’ views on future collaborations with the formal health system provide opportunities for these two forms of healthcare services to be synergised for the strengthening and improvement of services provided to children with intellectual disability and their families.
Child Developmental Disabilities, Caregivers’ Role in Kenya and Its Implications on Global Migration
TLDR
In Kenya, more needs to be done to change the attitude towards disability from the medical and moral (religious/cultural) models to an approach leaning towards the social model, so that developmental disabilities are not viewed negatively.
Culturally Relevant Assessment and Support of Grade 1 Students with Mild Disabilities in Tanzania: An Exploratory Study
ABSTRACT In Tanzania, many people are not aware of the concept of learning disabilities. Parents and teachers often do not realise that children who do poorly in school and do not have visible
Improving The Education of Children with Disabilities in Guyana’s Hinterland: Perspectives from the Bio-Ecological System’s Theory
TLDR
The findings show that although not exclusionary, at the Microsystem, the immediate environment is not supportive towards the education of children with disabilities due to teachers’ lack of skills and an unfavorable teacher: child ratio.
Caregivers' and parents' explanatory models of intellectual disability in Khayelitsha, Cape Town, South Africa.
TLDR
Current findings highlight a need for collaboration between the biomedical and alternative healthcare systems in educating carers and parents regarding intellectual disability in South Africa.
Cultural Beliefs about Autism in Indonesia
Abstract Cultural beliefs about parenting have an important influence on parenting behaviours, including considerations about appropriate ways to parent children with autism. Although Indonesia has
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
Interface between Culture and Disability in the Tanzanian Context: Part I
Schooling for children and young people with disabilities in Tanzania was introduced in 1950. Yet, despite the persistently high annual population growth rate of over 3% and not‐so‐developed health
Cultural Beliefs and Attitudes about Disability in East Africa
This interpretive literature review of cultural beliefs and attitudes about disability in East Africa identified themes in four categories including (a) the causes of disability, (b) attitudes
Mothers' Hearts Speaking: Education Enlightens, Empowers and Protects Girls with Disabilities.
This small-scale phenomenological interview study explored how seven poor, illiterate mothers in five different slum areas in a bigger city in the Punjab province of Pakistan, viewed the significance
Trends and Issues in Serving Culturally Diverse Families of Children with Disabilities
The emphasis on cultural issues affecting families of children with disabilities is quite new and should be viewed in the context of the way parental roles have been conceptualized by professionals
How do carers of disabled children cope? The Ugandan perspective.
TLDR
A qualitative phenomenological design was used to develop an in-depth understanding of how Ugandan families cope with their disabled children in their own communities and support the philosophy of inclusion, social integration, the importance of trust and respect, and utilizing a holistic approach.
Portrayal of Disability Through Personal Names and Proverbs in Kenya; Evidence From Ekegusii and Nandi
This paper discusses perceptions of disability as portrayed in the Abagusii and Nandi communities of Kenya. It is motivated by the need to show that many existing studies uphold blanket
Frames of Reference in African Proverbs on Disability
Abstract Selected proverbs relating to disability from sub-Saharan African countries are presented as texts that can be deciphered for larger frames of reference of personhood and cosmogony.
Disability and the Life Course: Using life story narratives to understand disability and identity in South Africa
There is a rapidly growing body of research focusing on how people use language to construct personal meaning and identity (de Certeau 1984, Miller et al. 1990, Rosaldo 1993). Accordingly, scholars
Deafness in Sub-Saharan Africa
TLDR
Throughout the region there is growing acceptance of sign language use in school, and secondary and postsecondary education for the Deaf is increasingly available, and some national constitutions safeguard the rights of citizens with disabilities and even recognize indigenous sign languages.
The Definition of Disability
TLDR
This article implies that the definitions of disability used by occupational therapists may not be as helpful as occupational therapists think.
...
...