Culinary archaeology: Millet noodles in Late Neolithic China

@article{Lu2005CulinaryAM,
  title={Culinary archaeology: Millet noodles in Late Neolithic China},
  author={Houyuan Lu and Xiaoyan Yang and Maolin Ye and Kam‐biu Liu and Zhengkai Xia and Xiaoyan Ren and Linhai Cai and Naiqin Wu and Tung-sheng Liu},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2005},
  volume={437},
  pages={967-968}
}
Noodles have been a popular staple food in many parts of the world for at least 2,000 years, although it is debatable whether the Chinese, the Italians or the Arabs invented them first. Here we analyse a prehistoric sample of noodles contained in a well preserved, sealed earthenware bowl discovered in the Late Neolithic archaeological site of Lajia in northwestern China. We identify millet as the source of the abundant seed-husk phytoliths and starch grains present in the vessel. This shows… 
The record of cultivated rice from archaeobiological evidence in northwestern China 5000 years ago
Pollen, plant seeds and phytoliths from an AMS dated sediment profile at the Xishanping site indicate that the cultivation of rice might start no later than 5070 cal. a BP in the region of Tianshui,
Phytolith evidence for rice cultivation and spread in Mid‐Late Neolithic archaeological sites in central North China
Zhang, J., Lu, H., Wu, N., Li, F., Yang, X., Wang, W., Ma, M. & Zhang, X. 2010: Phytolith evidence for rice cultivation and spread in Mid‐Late Neolithic archaeological sites in central North China.
Origin and Domestication of Foxtail Millet
TLDR
Although there has been some controversies over whether the domestication of foxtail millet has occurred more than once, recent molecular data and archeological evidence suggest a single domestication event.
Phytolith Analysis in Paleoecology and Archaeology
Opaline phytoliths are formed when plants accumulate silica at the cellular level. This biomineralization process reproduces, to some extent, the original plant tissue in the form of microscopic
Early Bronze Age Animal Use at Lajia, a Qijia Culture Site in Qinghai Province, China
Supervisory Committee Dr. Yin Lam (Department of Anthropology) Supervisor Dr. April Nowell (Department of Anthropology) Departmental Member The faunal remains from Lajia, a late Neolithic and early
Early Processed Triticeae Food Remains in The Yanghai Tombs, Xinjiang, China
TLDR
Food remains discovered in the Yanghai Tombs are the earliest known direct evidence that wheat and barley were ground into flour and then processed as foodstuffs in north-western China.
280-m.y.-old fossil starch reveals early plant–animal mutualism
Starch is a major component in the human diet, and the acquisition of starch-rich food sources is considered a pivotal step in the biological and cultural evolution of humankind. However, the
Millet microremains—an alternative approach to understand cultivation and use of critical crops in Prehistory
TLDR
The preliminary results of this study on phytolith morphology, both at single and joined (silica skeletons) morphotypes, and starch grains show great potentials for the identification of different genus or species on the basis of microremains.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-7 OF 7 REFERENCES
Processing of wild cereal grains in the Upper Palaeolithic revealed by starch grain analysis
TLDR
The earliest direct evidence for human processing of grass seeds, including barley and possibly wheat, in the form of starch grains recovered from a ground stone artefact from the Upper Palaeolithic site of Ohalo II in Israel is reported.
Prehistoric disasters at Lajia Site, Qinghai, China
Lajia Site, located near the upper reaches of the Yellow River and the border of Qinghai Province and Gansu Province, is a large-scale site of the Qijia Culture. In 2000 and 2001, archaeologists
Paleoethnobotany: A Handbook of Procedures
Paleoethnobotany is the study of human-plant interactions throughout history. This edition presents the diverse approaches and techniques used by anthropologists and botanists in the study of
The Earliest Neolithic Cultures of Northeast China: Recent Discoveries and New Perspectives on the Beginning of Agriculture
Although north China has long been recognized as one of the nuclear centers of agriculture, it is surprisingly absent from most recent publications on the beginnings of agriculture. New discoveries
Morphological variations of lobate phytoliths from grasses in China and the south‐eastern United States
TLDR
The potential link between phytolith morphology, grass taxonomy and environmental conditions opens the possibility that phytolithic morphology may be used as a proxy in palaeocli- matic reconstruction.
Identifying inflorescence phytoliths from selected species of wheat (Triticum monococcum, T. dicoccon, T. dicoccoides, and T. aestivum) and barley (Hordeum vulgare and H. spontaneum) (Gramineae).
TLDR
Test results indicated that, at the genus level, both the classification key and discriminant analysis of certain morphotypes of phytoliths were relatively reliable tools for distinguishing among phylloliths produced in the inflorescence bracts of the taxa considered.