Cues used by the Black Fly, Simulium annulus, for Attraction to the Common Loon (Gavia immer)

  title={Cues used by the Black Fly, Simulium annulus, for Attraction to the Common Loon (Gavia immer)},
  author={Meggin L Weinandt and Michael W. Meyer and Mac Strand and Alec R. Lindsay},
  booktitle={Journal of vector ecology : journal of the Society for Vector Ecology},
ABSTRACT: The parasitic relationship between a black fly, Simulium annulus, and the common loon (Gavia immer) has been considered one of the most exclusive relationships between any host species and a black fly species. To test the host specificity of this blood-feeding insect, we made a series of bird decoy presentations to black flies on loon-inhabited lakes in northern Wisconsin, U.S.A. To examine the importance of chemical and visual cues for black fly detection of and attraction to hosts… Expand
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