Cues to food location that domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) of different ages do and do not use

@article{Agnetta2000CuesTF,
  title={Cues to food location that domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) of different ages do and do not use},
  author={Bryan Agnetta and Brian A. Hare and Michael Tomasello},
  journal={Animal Cognition},
  year={2000},
  volume={3},
  pages={107-112}
}
Abstract The results of three experiments are reported. In the main study, a human experimenter presented domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) with a variety of social cues intended to indicate the location of hidden food. The novel findings of this study were: (1) dogs were able to use successfully several totally novel cues in which they watched a human place a marker in front of the target location; (2) dogs were unable to use the marker by itself with no behavioral cues (suggesting that some… 
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) use a physical marker to locate hidden food
TLDR
The results of three studies aimed at pinning down the relative contributions of the human’s hand and the marker suggest that dogs use the marker as a genuine communicative cue quite independently from the experimenter's actions.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) are sensitive to the attentional state of humans.
TLDR
Dogs behaved in clearly different ways in most of the conditions in which the human did not watch them compared with the control condition, in which she did.
Effect of training and familiarity on responsiveness to human cues in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)
TLDR
Support is provided for the presence of an evolved adaptation to exploit social cues provided by humans that can be augmented by familiarity with the cue giver, however, additional joint activity as experienced in an intensive training regime does not seem to increase accuracy in following human-given cues.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) use human gestures but not nonhuman tokens to find hidden food.
TLDR
The results indicate that dogs are more sensitive to human cues than equivalent nonhuman cues, and that the size of the cue is a critical element in determining dogs' success in following it.
Do dogs follow human social cues? A replication with family dogs in Japan.
TLDR
Whether family dogs in Japan can use social cues to locate food hidden in one of two small containers (pots) is investigated and the data seem to challenge the domestication hypothesis and support the claim that social skill learning plays a critical role in this task.
Domesticated Dogs’ (Canis familiaris) Response to Dishonest Human Points
TLDR
The role of pointing in dogs’ choice behavior and whether dogs, like human children, have difficulty interpreting the gesture novelly are explored and results indicated dogs learned to inhibit their approach to a deceptive static point when the reward was visible during choice.
Domestic dogs’ (Canis familiaris) choices in reference to information provided by human and artificial hands
TLDR
Investigation of dogs’ use of information from human informants using a stationary pointing gesture, as well as the conditions under which dogs would utilize a stationary point, indicates that dogs chose in accordance with the number of points exhibited toward a particular location.
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