The human metabolic reconstruction Recon 1 directs hypotheses of novel human metabolic functions
Ornithine aminotransferase [EC 188.8.131.52] was purified and crystallized from human liver by a procedure involving heat treatment, chromatographies on DEAE-cellulose, Octyl-Sepharose CL-4B and Sephadex G-200, and crystallization. The purified enzyme appeared to be homogeneous on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with and without sodium dodecyl sulfate. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated as 44,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis and as 177,000 by sucrose density gradient centrifugation, indicating that the enzyme is tetrameric. Various properties of the enzyme from human liver are similar to those of the enzyme from rat liver, including its molecular weight, pH optimum, Km values for ornithine, alpha-ketoglutarate and pyridoxal phosphate and specificity for amino acceptor from ornithine. The amino acid compositions of the two enzymes also have certain similarities, but the enzymes differ in electrophoretic mobility and antigenicity: the human enzyme moved more slowly to the anode, and on immunodiffusion analysis, the single precipitin lines formed between anti-human enzyme serum or anti-rat liver enzyme and the enzyme from human liver or lymphoblastoid cells and the rat liver enzyme fused with spur formation.