Crystalline Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes

@article{Thess1996CrystallineRO,
  title={Crystalline Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes},
  author={Andr{\'e} Thess and Roland Lee and Pavel N Nikolaev and Hongjie Dai and Pi{\`e}rre Petit and J. Robert and Chunhui Xu and Young Hee Lee and Seong-Gon Kim and Andrew G. Rinzler and Daniel T. Colbert and Gustavo E. Scuseria and David Tom{\'a}nek and John E. Fischer and Richard E. Smalley},
  journal={Science},
  year={1996},
  volume={273},
  pages={483 - 487}
}
Fullerene single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) were produced in yields of more than 70 percent by condensation of a laser-vaporized carbon-nickel-cobalt mixture at 1200°C. X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy showed that these SWNTs are nearly uniform in diameter and that they self-organize into “ropes,” which consist of 100 to 500 SWNTs in a two-dimensional triangular lattice with a lattice constant of 17 angstroms. The x-ray form factor is consistent with that of uniformly charged cylinders 13… 

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