Cryptanalysis of the Full Spritz Stream Cipher

@article{Banik2016CryptanalysisOT,
  title={Cryptanalysis of the Full Spritz Stream Cipher},
  author={Subhadeep Banik and Takanori Isobe},
  journal={IACR Cryptol. ePrint Arch.},
  year={2016},
  volume={2016},
  pages={92}
}
Spritz is a stream cipher proposed by Rivest and Schuldt at the rump session of CRYPTO 2014. It is intended to be a replacement of the popular RC4 stream cipher. In this paper we propose distinguishing attacks on the full Spritz, based on a short-term bias in the first two bytes of a keystream and a long-term bias in the first two bytes of every cycle of N keystream bytes, where N is the size of the internal permutation. Our attacks are able to distinguish a keystream of the full Spritz from a… 
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This note reconsiders the design of the stream cipher RC4, and proposes an improved variant, which is called Spritz (since the output comes in ne drops rather than big blocks), which can be easily adapted for use as a cryptographic hash function, an encryption algorithm, or a message-authentication code generator.
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