Crustal displacements due to continental water loading

@article{vanDam2001CrustalDD,
  title={Crustal displacements due to continental water loading},
  author={Tonie M. van Dam and John M. Wahr and P C D Milly and Andrey B. Shmakin and Geoffrey Blewitt and David A. Lavall{\'e}e and Kristine M. Larson},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
  year={2001},
  volume={28}
}
The effects of long‐wavelength (>100 km), seasonal variability in continental water storage on vertical crustal motions are assessed. The modeled vertical displacements (ΔrM) have root‐mean‐square (RMS) values for 1994–1998 as large as 8 mm, with ranges up to 30 mm, and are predominantly annual in character. Regional strains are on the order of 20 nanostrain for tilt and 5 nanostrain for horizontal deformation. We compare ΔrM with observed Global Positioning System (GPS) heights (ΔrO) (which… 

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