Crusade Creationism versus Pope Urban II's Conceptualization of the Crusades

@article{Chevedden2013CrusadeCV,
  title={Crusade Creationism versus Pope Urban II's Conceptualization of the Crusades},
  author={Paul E. Chevedden},
  journal={The Historian},
  year={2013},
  volume={75},
  pages={1 - 46}
}
I Today, much of Crusade scholarship remains committed to the creationist fallacy of the Crusades. Crusade creationism is a form of creationism that asserts that the Crusades testify to a creator’s design manifested in a single common core of never-changing characteristics. The essence of Crusade creationism is that crusading was created functionally complete from the beginning. It did not develop by historical processes but was “created” or “invented by Pope Urban II in 1095,” 
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