Crowds vs swarms, a comparison of intelligence

@article{Rosenberg2016CrowdsVS,
  title={Crowds vs swarms, a comparison of intelligence},
  author={Louis B. Rosenberg and David Baltaxe and Niccol{\`o} Pescetelli},
  journal={2016 Swarm/Human Blended Intelligence Workshop (SHBI)},
  year={2016},
  pages={1-4}
}
For well over a century, researchers in the field of Collective Intelligence have shown that groups can outperform individuals when making decisions, predictions, and forecasts. The most common methods for harnessing the intelligence of groups treats the population as a “crowd” of independent agents that provide input in isolation in the form of polls, surveys, and market transactions. While such crowd-based methods can be effective, they are markedly different from how natural systems harness… 

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