Crowd noise as a cue in referee decisions contributes to the home advantage.

  title={Crowd noise as a cue in referee decisions contributes to the home advantage.},
  author={Christian Unkelbach and Daniel Memmert},
  journal={Journal of sport \& exercise psychology},
  volume={32 4},
The home advantage is one of the best established phenomena in sports (Courneya & Carron, 1992), and crowd noise has been suggested as one of its determinants (Nevill & Holder, 1999). However, the psychological processes that mediate crowd noise influence and its contribution to the home advantage are still unclear. We propose that crowd noise correlates with the criteria referees have to judge. As crowd noise is a valid cue, referee decisions are strongly influenced by crowd noise. Yet, when… 

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