Crouching tiger or phantom dragon? Examining the discourse on global cyber-terror

  title={Crouching tiger or phantom dragon? Examining the discourse on global cyber-terror},
  author={Ronald Helms and S. E. Costanza and Nicholas Johnson},
  journal={Security Journal},
Known cases of cyber-attacks on sovereign powers are rare, thus examination of cyber-terror remains somewhat anecdotal. Terrorism discourse itself remains mired in ambiguity as little agreement exists as to thresholds that would make unambiguous distinctions between criminal and terror attacks. In this article, we examine a composite of cyber-terror that highlights symbolism and public sentiment and delineates between real and perceived threats. An objective analysis of historical incidents… 

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