Cross-species transmission of simian retroviruses: how and why they could lead to the emergence of new diseases in the human population

@article{Locatelli2012CrossspeciesTO,
  title={Cross-species transmission of simian retroviruses: how and why they could lead to the emergence of new diseases in the human population},
  author={Sabrina Locatelli and Martine Peeters},
  journal={AIDS},
  year={2012},
  volume={26},
  pages={659–673}
}
The HIV-1 group M epidemic illustrates the extraordinary impact and consequences resulting from a single zoonotic transmission. Exposure to blood or other secretions of infected animals, through hunting and butchering of bushmeat, or through bites and scratches inflicted by pet nonhuman primates (NHPs), represent the most plausible source for human infection with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV) and simian foamy virus. The chance for cross-species… 
[Mechanisms of viral emergence and interspecies transmission: the exemple of simian foamy viruses in Central Africa].
  • A. Gessain
  • Biology
    Bulletin de l'Academie nationale de medecine
  • 2013
A large proportion of viral pathogens that have emerged during the last decades in humans are considered to have originated from various animal species. This is well exemplified by several recent
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Erratum to: High Prevalences and a Wide Genetic Diversity of Simian Retroviruses in Non-human Primate Bushmeat in Rural Areas of the Democratic Republic of Congo
TLDR
This study illustrates clearly, even on a small sample size from a limited number of geographic areas, that knowledge on the genetic diversity and geographic distribution of simian retroviruses is still limited and that humans continue to be exposed to relative high proportions on infected NHP bushmeat.
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