Cross-cultural invariances in the architecture of shame

  title={Cross-cultural invariances in the architecture of shame},
  author={Daniel Sznycer and Dimitris Xygalatas and Elizabeth Agey and Sarah Alami and Xiao-Fen An and K.I. Ananyeva and Quentin Douglas Atkinson and Bernardo R. Broitman and Thomas J. Conte and Carola Flores and Shintaro Fukushima and Hidefumi Hitokoto and Alexander N. Kharitonov and Charity N. Onyishi and Ike E. Onyishi and Pedro P Romero and Joshua M. Schrock and James Josh Snodgrass and Lawrence S. Sugiyama and Kosuke Takemura and Cathryn Townsend and Jin-Ying Zhuang and C. Athena Aktipis and Lee Cronk and Leda Cosmides and John Tooby},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={9702 - 9707}
Significance This set of experiments shows that in 15 traditional small-scale societies there is an extraordinarily close correspondence between (i) the intensity of shame felt if one exhibited specific acts or traits and (ii) the magnitude of devaluation expressed in response to those acts or traits by local audiences, and even foreign audiences. Three important and widely acknowledged sources of cultural variation between communities—geographic proximity, linguistic similarity, and religious… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Data for: Pride and Shame: Key Components of a Culturally Universal Status Management System
Abstract We apply recent adaptationist theories about the emotions “pride” and “shame” to the domain of hierarchical status and test the hypothesis that pride and shame are distinct components of a
Measuring shame across five countries: dimensionality and measurement invariance of the external and internal shame scale
Shame is a universal emotion, albeit having a bewildering constellation of causes, valuations, and behavioural consequences that differ across social ecologies. This transdiagnostic emotion may be
Social emotions are governed by a common grammar of social valuation: Theoretical foundations and applications to human personality and the criminal justice system
Social emotions appear to be behavior-regulating programs built by natural selection to solve adaptive problems in the domain of social valuation—the disposition to attend to, associate with, defer
Two of a Kind: Are Norms of Honour a Species of Morality?
Should the norms of honor cultures be classified as a variety of morality? In this paper, we address this question by considering various empirical bases on which norms can be taxonomically
Two of a kind: Are norms of honor a species of morality?
Should the norms of honor cultures be classified as a variety of morality? In this paper, we address this question by considering various empirical bases on which norms can be taxonomically
Perceptions of Emotional Functionality: Similarities and Differences Among Dignity, Face, and Honor Cultures
Emotions are linked to wide sets of action tendencies, and it can be difficult to predict which specific action tendency will be motivated or indulged in response to individual experiences of
The evolutionary basis of belonging: its relevance to denial of offending and labelling those who offend
Purpose The adaptationist approach of evolutionary psychology provides a model of substantial scope for understanding the function of human behaviour, including harmful behaviour. The purpose of
The origins of criminal law
The Sznycer and Patrick show that laypeople can intuitively recreate core aspects of criminal laws drawn from ancient, culturally foreign legal codes and argue that this is consistent with the theory that criminal laws originate in the human brain.
Conspicuous Mobility: The Status Dimensions of the Global Passport Hierarchy
  • Yossi Harpaz
  • Sociology
    The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
  • 2021
The world’s passports are not equal. Travelers from rich countries enjoy extensive travel freedom across the globe, whereas citizens of less developed nations are subject to stringent visa controls.


Invariances in the architecture of pride across small-scale societies
Experiments conducted in 10 traditional small-scale societies with widely varying cultures and subsistence modes suggest that pride is a universal system that is part of the authors' species’ cooperative biology and operates with a substantial degree of universality in its content.
Cross-Cultural Differences and Similarities in Proneness to Shame: An Adaptationist and Ecological Approach
Assessing relational mobility and shame proneness towards friends and strangers in Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom found that Japanese subjects were more shame-prone than their British and American counterparts, and this relationship partially mediated the cultural differences in shame pronounceeness.
Cross-cultural regularities in the cognitive architecture of pride
Cross-cultural tests from 16 nations were performed to evaluate the hypothesis that the emotion of pride evolved to guide behavior to elicit valuation and respect from others, and predicted that the pride intensity for a given act or trait closely tracks the valuations of audiences.
Shame closely tracks the threat of devaluation by others, even across cultures
The theory that shame evolved as a defense against being devalued by others is tested, and a close match between shame intensities and audience devaluation is indicated, which suggests that shame is an adaptation.
The Adapted mind : evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture
Although researchers have long been aware that the species-typical architecture of the human mind is the product of our evolutionary history, it has only been in the last three decades that advances
Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.
People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the 2. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very
Reply to comments. Two Key Steps in the Evolution of Human Cooperation: The Interdependence Hypothesis
Modern theories of the evolution of human cooperation focus mainly on altruism. In contrast, we propose that humans’ species-unique forms of cooperation—as well as their species-unique forms of
Culture and moral development.
This essay reports the results of a cross-cultural development study of ideas about the moral (its form) and ideas about what is moral (its content). The informants for the study are children, five
Standard Cross-Cultural Sample
The Standard Cross-Cultural Sample contains the best-described society in each of 186 cultural provinces of the world, chosen so that cultural independence of each unit in terms of historical origin
The weirdest people in the world?
Abstract Behavioral scientists routinely publish broad claims about human psychology and behavior in the world's top journals based on samples drawn entirely from Western, Educated, Industrialized,