Cross-city evidence on the relationship between immigration and crime

@article{Butcher1998CrosscityEO,
  title={Cross-city evidence on the relationship between immigration and crime},
  author={Kristin F. Butcher and Anne Morrison Piehl},
  journal={Journal of Policy Analysis and Management},
  year={1998},
  volume={17},
  pages={457-493}
}
Public concerns about the costs of immigration and crime are high, and sometimes overlapping. This article investigates the relationship between immigration into a metropolitan area and that area's crime rate during the 1980s. Using data from the Uniform Crime Reports and the Current Population Surveys, we find, in the cross section, that cities with high crime rates tend to have large numbers of immigrants. However, controlling for the demographic characteristics of the cities, recent… 
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The idea that immigration increases crime rates has historically occupied an important role in criminological theory and has been central to the public and political discourses and debates on
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