Cross-Sex Best Friendship Influences on Early Adolescent Cigarette and Alcohol Expectancies and Use

  title={Cross-Sex Best Friendship Influences on Early Adolescent Cigarette and Alcohol Expectancies and Use},
  author={Micheline S. Malow-Iroff},
  journal={The Journal of Psychology},
  pages={209 - 227}
In this study, the author investigates the influences of cross-sex best friends in early adolescence in regard to cigarettes and alcohol. Specific goals include determining the prevalence of cross-sex best friendships, investigating expectancies and perceived approval of the use of cigarettes and alcohol, and examining substance use levels. A group of urban sixth, seventh, and eighth graders completed a survey that addressed these issues. Results indicate the presence of cross-sex best… Expand
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