Cross-National Variation in Violent Crime Rates: Race, r-K Theory, and Income

  title={Cross-National Variation in Violent Crime Rates: Race, r-K Theory, and Income},
  author={J. P. Rushton and G. Whitney},
  journal={Population and Environment},
Rushton's theory of r-K race differences was examined in relation to the rate of murder, rape, and serious assault per 100,000 population and Gross Domestic Product per Person for 74 countries from the 1993–1996 International Crime Statistics published by INTERPOL and the 1999 CIA World Fact Book. Each country was assigned to one of the three macro-races East Asian, European, and African. The results corroborated earlier findings that violent crime is lowest in East Asian countries… 

National Differences in Intelligence, Crime, Income, and Skin Color.

Democracy, Inequality, Modernization, Routine Activities, and International Variations in Personal Crime Victimization

Using the International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS), this study investigates the relative contribution of macro-level variables (democracy level, modernization, world system status, and

Racial/Ethnic Composition and Violence: Size-of-Place Variations in Percent Black and Percent Latino Effects on Violence Rates.

It is found that both black and Latino composition effects are partly explained by controlling for structural conditions (especially structural disadvantage), but this characterizes smaller places much more than the largest, most urbanized places.

Modernization, Inequality, Routine Activities, and International Variations in Household Property Crimes

Using data from the International Crime Victimization Survey, we investigate the relative contribution of macro-level variables (democracy level, economic development, world system status,

Wengu Zhisxin: Review the Old and Know the New

The different modes of social control mechanisms between the United States and East Asia are discussed primarily drawing upon Confucianism. The American get-tough polices and resultant prison

Risk-Taking Reproductive Competition Explains National Murder Rates Better Than Socioeconomic Inequality

This article presents evidence that national murder rates are not well explained as a function of socioeconomic inequality; risk-taking reproductive competition (RTRC) provides a better explanation.

Cross-national homicide: a review of the current literature

The review reveals that recent studies appear to have taken into account LaFree’s recommendations, particularly in regard to data sources, theoretical perspectives, and variable choices, and concludes that while advances have been made, there are issues that have remained problematic over time and should be considered by researchers engaged in cross-national homicide research.



Race and Crime: International Data for 1989–1990

  • J. P. Rushton
  • Political Science, Psychology
    Psychological reports
  • 1995
Crime rates showed that crime rates are highest for countries with predominantly African populations, lowest for those with predominantly Asian populations, and in-between for Those with predominantly Caucasian populations.


J. P. Rushton has done research indicating that predominantly black nations have higher rates of violent crime than predominantly white nations, which have higher rates than predominantly Asian

Crime and Racial Profiling by U.S. Police: Is There an Empirical Basis?

The disparity between public sensibilities and empirical data in the United States has become so extreme that certain topics can no longer be investigated without bringing down cries of "racism". The

Demographic Change and Social Breakdown: The Role of Intelligence

It is proposed that populations and races with a high mean general intelligence are less likely to participate in violent crime than those with low mean general intelligence. The current study

Criminology: A Global Perspective

All chapters conclude with "Summary," "Suggested Readings," and "Exercises." I.THE NATURE OF CRIMINAL/ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND THE DISCIPLINE THAT STUDIES IT. 1.Introduction: The Nature of

Racial and ethnic differences in psychopathic personality

Race Differences in Sexual Behavior and Their Demographic Implications

Differences between blacks and whites in sexual behavior posited in Rushton's theory of r-K race differences were examined in the United States in an analysis of the annual surveys of the National

Population differences in susceptibility to AIDS: an evolutionary analysis.

Re-analyses of J.P. Rushton’s crime data

Rkeemment, Rushton affirmait qu 'il existe des diff~rences importantes dans les taux de criminalitg entre les groupes raciaux. Ses mthodes d'analyse statistique (l'analyse de variance), cependant, ne