Cross-Cultural Variations in Predictors of Life Satisfaction: Perspectives from Needs and Values

  title={Cross-Cultural Variations in Predictors of Life Satisfaction: Perspectives from Needs and Values},
  author={Shigehiro Oishi and Edward Francis Diener and Richard E. Lucas and Eunkook M. Suh},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={980 - 990}
The authors tested for cross-cultural difference in predictors of life satisfaction. In Study 1 (39 nations, N = 54,446), they found that financial satisfaction was more strongly associated with life satisfaction in poorer nations, whereas home life satisfaction was more strongly related to life satisfaction in wealthy nations. In Study 2 (39 nations, N = 6,782), the authors found that satisfaction with esteem needs (e.g., the self and freedom) predicted global life satisfaction more strongly… 

Tables from this paper

A Cross-Cultural Study of the Levels and Correlates of Life Satisfaction among Adolescents

Cross-cultural differences in the perceived levels and correlates of life satisfaction were investigated with 472 Korean and 543 U.S. adolescents. Korean adolescents reported lower global life

The Interplay Of Cultural Syndromes And Personality In Predicting Life Satisfaction

This study explored how personality and cultural variables influence subjective well-being (SWB) in two different U.S. ethnic groups: Asian Americans and European Americans. Structural equation

The role of positive and negative emotions in life satisfaction judgment across nations.

Findings show how emotional aspects of the good life vary with national culture and how this depends on the values that characterize one's society.

Life Satisfaction among Ethnic Minorities in the Netherlands: Immigration Experience or Adverse Living Conditions?

Abstract Previous studies have shown that immigrants’ levels of life satisfaction tend to be lower than among natives. We do not know, however, whether this is due to the immigration experience as

A Cross-Cultural Experimental Approach to the Contribution of Health, Religion and Personal Relations to Subjective Satisfaction with Life as a Whole.

In cross-cultural research on quality of life, researchers must deal with the fundamental incomparability of subjective wellbeing assessments across cultural groups. This incompatibility most

Cultures Need Satisfaction and Well-Being : Testing Self-Determination Theory in Eight

According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), satisfaction of needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness is a universal requirement for psychological well-being. We tested this hypothesis with

Cultural Specifics of Life Values and Subjective Well – Being

The objectives of the study were to reveal cultural specifics of modern life values and subjective well-being, individual and cultural values interrelations, life values and subjective well-being

Relations Between Economic Well-Being, Family Support, Community Attachment, and Life Satisfaction Among LGBQ Adults

While studies with the general population indicate that one’s life satisfaction is related to economic well-being and social support, much less is known about these constructs among lesbian, gay,

Culture and Subjective Well-Being

Adopting the dynamic constructivist approach, the present research tested the hypothesis that bicultural people’s subjective well-being (SWB) is more contingent on satisfaction with



Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem.

It was found that life satisfaction and self-esteem were clearly discriminable constructs and financial satisfaction was a stronger correlate of life satisfaction in poorer countries.

Pancultural explanations for life satisfaction: adding relationship harmony to self-esteem.

Both self-construals and the 5 factors of personality were shown to influence life satisfaction through the mediating agency of self-esteem and relationship harmony in equivalent ways across these 2 cultural groups.

Cultural Differences in the Relation between Self‐discrepancy and Life Satisfaction

Cultural differences in the relation between self-discrepancy and subjective well-being were examined. Participants from India (N = 54) and the United States (N = 55) listed 10 goals they set for

Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale

The Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) was developed to assess satis-faction with the respondent’s life as a whole. The scale does not assess satisfaction with life domains such as health or

Value as a Moderator in Subjective Well‐Being

We investigated individual differences in the processes of subjective well-being (SWB). There were considerable individual differences in the domain that was most strongly associated with global life

The Satisfaction with Life Scale

The Satisfaction With Life Scale is narrowly focused to assess global life satisfaction and does not tap related constructs such as positive affect or loneliness, but is shown to have favorable psychometric properties, including high internal consistency and high temporal reliability.

The cultural construction of self-enhancement: an examination of group-serving biases.

Comparisons of group-serving biases across European Canadian, Asian Canadian, and Japanese students suggest that cultural differences in enhancement biases are robust, generalizing to individuals' evaluations of their groups.

Resources, personal strivings, and subjective well-being: a nomothetic and idiographic approach.

The authors concluded that resources taken together are moderately strong predictors of SWB, and supported the hypothesis that resources correlate more strongly with SWB when they are relevant to an individual's idiographic personal strivings.

Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress

W. Wilson's (1967) review of the area of subjective well-being (SWB) advanced several conclusions regarding those who report high levels of "happiness". A number of his conclusions have been

Who Is Happy?

A flood of new studies explores people's subjective well-being (SWB) Frequent positive affect, infrequent negative affect, and a global sense of satisfaction with life define high SWB These studies