Cross-Cultural Differences in Relationship- and Group-Based Trust

@article{Yuki2005CrossCulturalDI,
  title={Cross-Cultural Differences in Relationship- and Group-Based Trust},
  author={Masaki Yuki and William W Maddux and Marilynn B. Brewer and Kosuke Takemura},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2005},
  volume={31},
  pages={48 - 62}
}
Two experiments explored differences in depersonalized trust (trust toward a relatively unknown target person) across cultures. Based on a recent theoretical framework that postulates predominantly different bases for group behaviors in Western cultures versus Eastern cultures, it was predicted that Americans would tend to trust people primarily based on whether they shared category memberships; however, trust for Japanese was expected to be based on the likelihood of sharing direct or indirect… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Gender Differences in the Relational and Collective Bases for Trust

A variety of research suggests that men and women differ in their interdependent orientation: whereas women tend to be more relationally interdependent, men tend to be more collectively

Culture, Identity, and Structure in Social Exchange: A Web-based Trust Experiment in the United States and Japan

Cross-cultural trust and cooperation are important concerns for international markets, political cooperation, and cultural exchange. Until recently, this problem was difficult to study under

Culture, Identity, and Structure in Social Exchange: A Web-based Trust Experiment in the U.S. and Japan

Cross-cultural trust and cooperation are important concerns for international markets, political cooperation, and cultural exchange. Until recently, this problem was difficult to study under

Trust and online information-sharing in close relationships: a cross-cultural perspective

In close relationships, Chinese participants had higher interpersonal trust and objective-sharing performance than German participants; Chinese trust and self-evaluated performance were not influenced by communication media; in comparison, German participants’ trust andSelf-evaluation performance significantly dropped online.

Effects of trustors' social identity complexity on interpersonal and intergroup trust

Although previous literature has revealed the effect of a single social identity on trust, only few studies have examined how multiple social identities affect trust in others. The present research

Two Types of Collectivism: Intragroup Relationship Orientation in Japan and Intergroup Comparison Orientation in the United States

Previous research has demonstrated that although North Americans are typically seen as highly individualistic, they are actually no less group-oriented than "collectivistic" East Asians. However,

Children show economic trust for both ingroup and outgroup partners

Who Shall I Trust? Trust As a Mediator between Identity Salience and Cooperative Behavior

We explore the role of trust as a mediating process in the relationship between group identity salience and cooperative behavior. Participants from two academic disciplines, psychology and economics,

When Do People Trust Their Social Groups?

This work builds on past work to present a comprehensive framework for predicting trust in groups and demonstrates how group trust predicts outcomes at both individual and group level such as the formation of new friendship ties.

Building Trust in a Postconflict Society

Across one longitudinal and two cross-sectional surveys in Northern Ireland, we tested a model of intergroup relations in which out-group attitudes and behavioral tendencies are predicted by
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 64 REFERENCES

Intergroup comparison versus intragroup relationships: A cross-cultural examination of social identity theory in North American and East Asian cultural contexts.

A review of the theoretical and empirical literature suggests that social identity theory does not account well for collectivistic behaviors among East Asians. I hypothesize that the central theme of

Swift Neighbors and Persistent Strangers: A Cross‐Cultural Investigation of Trust and Reciprocity in Social Exchange1

In four countries, levels of trust and reciprocity in direct‐reciprocal exchange are compared with those in network‐generalized exchanges among experimentally manipulated groups' members (neighbors)

Culture and Positive Illusions in Close Relationships: How My Relationships Are Better than Yours

Although routinely observed among North Americans, self-enhancing biases have been elusive in studies conducted with Japanese. The authors conducted two studies of relationship-serving biases (RSBs)

Group‐serving attributions across intergroup contexts: Cultural differences in the explanation of sex‐typed behaviours

This research attempted to integrate Tajfel's (1978) social identity theory with self-presentational concerns by exploring attributions about perceived group differences in behaviour. As such, it

Trust and commitment in the United States and Japan

A distinction is proposed betweentrust as a cognitive bias in the evaluation of incomplete information about the (potential) interaction partner andassurance as a perception of the incentive

Trust and distrust in organizations: emerging perspectives, enduring questions.

  • R. Kramer
  • Business
    Annual review of psychology
  • 1999
The chapter concludes by examining some of the psychological, social, and institutional barriers to the production of trust, and describes different forms of trust found in organizations, and the antecedent conditions that produce them.

Circle of Friends or Members of a Group? Sex Differences in Relational and Collective Attachment to Groups

In the current investigation, we studied sex differences in belonging needs by exploring men's and women's attachment to groups. Previous work has shown that women's social needs tend to be expressed

In-group bias and culture of collectivism*

In this paper I present an argument that culture of collectivism which characterizes Japanese society is to be conceived in terms of an equilibrium between socio-relational and cognitive traits in

Toward an assessment of social identity: the structure of group identification and its effects on in-group evaluations.

  • M. Karasawa
  • Psychology
    The British journal of social psychology
  • 1991
Experimental studies concurrently undertaken confirmed many of the predictions and contentions by social identity theorists and result from Study 1 that members with low IDgroup deprecated the in-group when their negative social identity became salient, whereas those with high IDgroup (but not IDmember) did not.
...