Cross-Country Empirical Studies of Systemic Bank Distress: A Survey

@article{DemirgKunt2005CrossCountryES,
  title={Cross-Country Empirical Studies of Systemic Bank Distress: A Survey},
  author={Asli Demirg{\"u}ç-Kunt and Enrica Detragiache},
  journal={National Institute Economic Review},
  year={2005},
  volume={192},
  pages={68 - 83}
}
A rapidly growing empirical literature is studying the causes and consequences of bank fragility in contemporary economies. The paper reviews the two basic methodologies adopted in cross-country empirical studies, the signals approach and the multivariate probability model, and their application to study the determinants of banking crises. The use of these models to provide early warnings for crises is also reviewed, as are studies of the economic effects of banking crises and of the policies… 

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