Crop losses due to diseases and their implications for global food production losses and food security

  title={Crop losses due to diseases and their implications for global food production losses and food security},
  author={Serge Savary and Andrea Ficke and Jean-No{\"e}l Aubertot and Clayton A. Hollier},
  journal={Food Security},
The status of global food security, i.e., the balance between the growing food demand of the world population and global agricultural output, combined with discrepancies between supply and demand at the regional, national, and local scales (Smil 2000; UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2011; Ingram 2011), is alarming. This imbalance is not new (Dyson 1999) but has dramatically worsened during the recent decades, culminating recently in the 2008 food crisis. It is important to note… 

Sago Palm

The United Nations (FAO) projected that global food production needs to be increased by 60% by 2050 to meet increasing world demands as a result of rapid population growth and per capita food

Evaluating the contribution of synthetic fungicides to cereal plant health and CO2 reduction targets against the backdrop of the increasingly complex regulatory environment in Europe

This paper aims to evaluate how synthetic fungicides presently contribute to plant health and food production as well as the management of GHG emissions, and explores the future challenges and prospects for their positive contribution in achieving global food security alongside emerging innovative technologies.

Managing the biological environment to promote and sustain crop productivity and quality

A crop healthcare system is required that encompasses national responsibility and regional cooperation, and which harnesses global excellence in terms of the knowledge and methods available for implementation, to avoid the current scenario of belatedly combating largescale epidemics in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Applications of LAMP Based Diagnostic Kits in Crop Management

Human population is increasing at exponential growth in all parts of the world. Based on the recent report on food security released in 2010 [1]. Requirement of food will increase due to continuous

Role of Microbes for Attaining Enhanced Food Crop Production

The global production of food crops is on increase but the perpetual accrual of demographic strain has posed a challenge toward the attainment of global food security. In spite of covering several

The role of geospatial in plant pests and diseases: an overview

Loss in crop production gives a significant impact to food security. The decreasing in crops production has produced imbalance between the food demand of world population and the global agriculture

Yield gap of cassava crop as a measure of food security - an example for the main Brazilian producing regions

Cassava is a crop of major importance for family agriculture in Brazil and around the world, with its yield varying considerably among different producing regions. The aim of the present study was to

Cow products: boon to human health and food security

A comprehensive overview of cow products is provided, describing their biochemical constituents, bioactivities, and their utilization in the area ranging from human welfare to agriculture sustainability, and an attempt is also made to present possible applications in bioenergy production and pollution reduction.



World food trends and prospects to 2025.

  • T. Dyson
  • Economics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1999
Although future general food trends are likely to be positive, in some respects the world could be entering a more volatile world because of an increasing degree of mismatch between the expansion of regional demand and the potential for supply.

Crop Production and Crop Protection: Estimated Losses in Major Food and Cash Crops

  • E. Oerke
  • Environmental Science
    The Journal of Agricultural Science
  • 1996
List of abbreviations. Biographies of authors. Acknowledgements. Preface. 1. POPULATION GROWTH, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND FOOD SUPPLIES (A. Weber). Introduction. Agricultural resources and their

Crop losses to pests

  • E. Oerke
  • Biology
    The Journal of Agricultural Science
  • 2005
Despite a clear increase in pesticide use, crop losses have not significantly decreased during the last 40 years, however, pesticide use has enabled farmers to modify production systems and to increase crop productivity without sustaining the higher losses likely to occur from an increased susceptibility to the damaging effect of pests.

Plant disease: a threat to global food security.

Conventional plant breeding for resistance has an important role to play that can now be facilitated by marker-assisted selection, and there is also a role for transgenic modification with genes that confer resistance.

Agricultural Research, Productivity, and Food Prices in the Long Run

A reinvestment in agricultural R&D is critical to ensuring sufficient food for the world in the coming decades, and long-run trends in global food commodity prices are driven by differential rates of growth in the supply and demand for food crops, feed, and livestock products.

International Agricultural Research Tackling the Effects of Global and Climate Changes on Plant Diseases in the Developing World.

International phytopathological research addressing the effects of global and climate changes on plant diseases in a range of crops and pathosystems is highlighted.

Risk factors for crop health under global change and agricultural shifts: a framework of analyses using rice in tropical and subtropical Asia as a model.

The concept of "disease syndrome" can be borrowed in botanical epidemiology from public health to emphasize a holistic view of disease in shifting production situations in combination with the conventional, individual disease-centered perspective.

A food systems approach to researching food security and its interactions with global environmental change

There is growing concern that satisfying societal demand for food over coming decades will be increasingly challenging. Much of the debate centres on increasing food production which has always

Rice Pest Constraints in Tropical Asia: Quantification of Yield Losses Due to Rice Pests in a Range of Production Situations.

One major finding was that some (attainable yield × injury factors) interactions significantly contributed to the description of variation in actual yield, indicating that some injuries had a stronger or weaker yield-reducing effect, depending on the level of attainable yield.