P.S.Birthal and P.K.Joshi
- P. P. Rao
- Economic And Political Weekly, Vol.XLI
South Asia is gradually diversifying its crop sector in favour of high value commodities, especially fruits, vegetables and spices. If carried out appropriately, diversification can be used as a tool to augment farm income, generate employment, alleviate poverty and conserve precious soil and water resources. In India in the state of West Bengal diversification in cropping pattern is a very recent phenomenon. It is basically a rice producing state which has achieved a very high level of productivity in paddy cultivation during the second phase of green revolution and is now the largest producer of rice in the country. Crop Diversification is expected to be able to contribute towards a higher nutrition level, poverty alleviation, employment generation, and sustainable natural resources management. This paper aims to understand the nature and magnitude of the extent of diversification that is taking place in the state of West Bengal in the recent years and explore the farmers’ cropping strategy and to identify the determinants of diversification.