Cromwell, Robespierre, Stalin (and Lenin?): Must Revolution Always Mean Catastrophe?

@inproceedings{Bowring2016CromwellRS,
  title={Cromwell, Robespierre, Stalin (and Lenin?): Must Revolution Always Mean Catastrophe?},
  author={Bill Bowring},
  year={2016}
}
Leon Trotsky, reflecting on British history, wrote: ‘The ‘dictatorship of Lenin’ expresses the mighty pressure of the new historical class and its superhuman struggle against all the forces of the old society. If Lenin can be juxtaposed to anyone then it is not to Napoleon nor even less to Mussolini but to Cromwell and Robespierre. It can be with some justice said that Lenin is the proletarian twentieth-century Cromwell. Such a definition would at the same time be the highest compliment to the… 
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