Critical period effects on universal properties of language: the status of subjacency in the acquisition of a second language.

@article{Johnson1991CriticalPE,
  title={Critical period effects on universal properties of language: the status of subjacency in the acquisition of a second language.},
  author={J S Johnson and Elissa L. Newport},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={1991},
  volume={39 3},
  pages={215-58}
}
Recent studies have shown clear evidence for critical period effects for both first and second language acquisition on a broad range of learned, language-specific grammatical properties. The present studies ask whether and to what degree critical period effects can also be found for universal properties of language considered to be innate. To address this issue, native Chinese speakers who learned English as a second language were tested on the universal principle subjacency as it applies to wh… CONTINUE READING

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