Critical considerations for the application of environmental DNA methods to detect aquatic species

@article{Goldberg2016CriticalCF,
  title={Critical considerations for the application of environmental DNA methods to detect aquatic species},
  author={Caren S. Goldberg and Cameron R. Turner and Kristy Deiner and Katy E. Klymus and Philip Francis Thomsen and Melanie A Murphy and Stephen F. Spear and Anna M. McKee and Sara J. Oyler-McCance and Robert S. Cornman and Matthew B. Laramie and Andrew R. Mahon and Richard F. Lance and David S. Pilliod and Katherine M. Strickler and Lisette P. Waits and Alexander K. Fremier and Teruhiko Takahara and Jelger E. Herder and Pierre Taberlet},
  journal={Methods in Ecology and Evolution},
  year={2016},
  volume={7}
}
Species detection using environmental DNA (eDNA) has tremendous potential for contributing to the understanding of the ecology and conservation of aquatic species. Detecting species using eDNA methods, rather than directly sampling the organisms, can reduce impacts on sensitive species and increase the power of field surveys for rare and elusive species. The sensitivity of eDNA methods, however, requires a heightened awareness and attention to quality assurance and quality control protocols… 

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Environmental DNA (eDNA) is being rapidly adopted as a tool to detect rare animals. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) using probe-based chemistries may represent a particularly powerful tool because of the

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The eDNA method simply and rapidly detects the presence of the invasive bluegill sunfish with less disturbance to the environment during field surveys than traditional methods.

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It is argued that the proposed DNA‐based approach has the potential to become the next‐generation tool for ecological studies and standardized biodiversity monitoring in a wide range of aquatic ecosystems.
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