Criteria for confounders in epidemiological studies


The paper addresses a formal de®nition of a confounder based on the qualitative de®nition that is commonly used in standard epidemiology text-books. To derive the criterion for a factor to be a confounder given by Miettinen and Cook and to clarify inconsistency between various criteria for a confounder, we introduce the concepts of an irrelevant factor, an… (More)


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@inproceedings{Geng2001CriteriaFC, title={Criteria for confounders in epidemiological studies}, author={Zhi Geng and Jianhua Guo and Wing Kam Fung}, year={2001} }