Crisis or Creation? A Systematic Examination of False Memory Syndrome

@article{Dallam2000CrisisOC,
  title={Crisis or Creation? A Systematic Examination of False Memory Syndrome},
  author={Stephanie J. Dallam},
  journal={Journal of Child Sexual Abuse},
  year={2000},
  volume={9},
  pages={36 - 9}
}
  • S. Dallam
  • Published 11 March 2001
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
SUMMARY In 1992, the False Memory Syndrome Foundation (FMSF), an advocacy organization for people claiming to be falsely accused of sexual abuse, announced the discovery of a new syndrome involving iatrogenically created false memories of childhood sexual abuse. This article critically examines the assumptions underlying “False Memory Syndrome” to determine whether there is sufficient empirical evidence to support it as a valid diagnostic construct. Epidemiological evidence is also examined to… 
Psychological Science, Victim Advocates, and the Problem of Recovered Memories
Defined in hazy terms by Freud and bereft of attention for a century afterwards, the concept of repression suddenly gained public prominence in the 1980s, at the same time that child sexual abuse
Parental Alienation Syndrome : A critique Síndrome de alienación parental : una crítica
Parental alienation syndrome (PAS), as defined by its creator Dr. Richard Gardner (2001), is a poorly defined, poorly researched, and controversial pseudoscientific construct arising primarily in the
Parental Alienation Syndrome in Legal Settings : Existence , Use , and Alternatives
TLDR
It was concluded that although PAS has been anecdotally and theoretically supported by some professionals in various capacities, the lack of empirical support and wide variation of definitions used severely limits the valid application of the concept in mental health and legal contexts, rendering it of little value to professionals.
Does Repression Exist? Memory, Pathogenic, Unconscious and Clinical Evidence
The current dispute regarding the existence of repression has mainly focused on whether people remember or forget trauma. Repression, however, is a multidimensional construct, which, in addition to
A critical commentary on ‘rapid-onset gender dysphoria’
The term ‘rapid-onset gender dysphoria’ (ROGD) was coined in 2016 to describe an alleged epidemic of youth coming out as trans ‘out of the blue’ due to social contagion and mental illness. The term
'I was raped by Santa Claus': responding to disclosures of sexual assault in mental health inpatient facilities.
TLDR
A trauma-informed care approach for responding to disclosures of sexual violence by people with serious mental illness is introduced, taking into account the complexities of caring for individuals who might be unable to provide coherent accounts of assaults and/or who may be experiencing varying degrees of psychosis.
[The infantile sexual seduction: revolution and aftermath of Freud's theory].
TLDR
Sigmund Freud's seduction theory asserts that psychoneuroses in adults are caused by reactivation of forgotten recollections of gross sexual abuse (involving the genitals) that had taken place prior to the age of 8 to 10 years.
Guidelines for Treating Dissociative Identity Disorder in Adults, Third Revision: A Tour de Force for the Dissociation Field
  • L. Brown
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2011
TLDR
The document takes the reader through the history of dissociative disorders treatment and carefully and thoughtfully addresses both the commonplace elements of working with clients living with dissociation as well as some of the more radioactive and controversial issues in the field.
Guidelines for treating dissociative identity disorder in adults, third revision.
  • J. Chu, P. Dell, O. Hart, E. Cardeña
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2011
TLDR
The current revision of the Guidelines focuses specifically on the treatment of dissociative identity disorder (DID) and those forms of disso- ciative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS) that are similar to DID.
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 111 REFERENCES
A Field Study of “False Memory Syndrome”: Construct Validity and Incidence
False memory syndrome (FMS) is described as a serious form of psychopathology characterized by strongly believed pseudomemories of childhood sexual abuse. A literature review revealed four clusters
False memory syndrome
Memory, abuse, and science. Questioning claims about the false memory syndrome epidemic.
  • K. Pope
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1996
TLDR
Questions to evaluate the proposal of a new diagnostic category, the false memory syndrome; claims about the ease with which extensive autobiographical memories can be implanted; and estimates of the extent therapists use risky practices likely to causefalse memory syndrome are suggested.
Recovered Memories: The Current Weight of the Evidence in Science and in the Courts
The authors critically review the main strategies that false-memory proponents have used to challenge the admissibility of testimony regarding recovered abuse memories in the courts: that the
Repressed Memory or Dissociative Amnesia: What the Science Says
Legal actions of alleged abuse victims based on recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been challenged arguing that the concept of repressed memories does not meet a generally
Ethical issues in the search for repressed memories.
  • H. Merskey
  • Psychology
    American journal of psychotherapy
  • 1996
TLDR
The impact of these therapies and proposed legislation upon regular psychotherapy and psychiatry is outlined and the need for informed consent and legislative initiatives to challenge RM therapy are noted.
The Delayed Memory Controversy in an Epidemiological Framework
TLDR
Estimates are presented for certain epidemiological variables based on available research and a range of suppositions that suggest that the rate of false negatives for CSA history poses a larger epidemiological problem than the rates of true and false positives.
MEMORY RECOVERY OF CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE
In this study, no empirical evidence was found for the notion that most patients recover memories of childhood sexual abuse because their therapist had suggested to them that they were abused as
Incest hoax: false accusations, false denials.
TLDR
In order to make a diagnosis of incest hoax, the investigator must thoroughly understand the mechanics of the hoax and the psychodynamics of the perpetrator.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...