Criminality and the 2D:4D ratio: testing the prenatal androgen hypothesis.

@article{Ellis2013CriminalityAT,
  title={Criminality and the 2D:4D ratio: testing the prenatal androgen hypothesis.},
  author={Lee Ellis and Anthony W. Hoskin},
  journal={International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology},
  year={2013},
  volume={59 3},
  pages={
          295-312
        }
}
A decade old theory hypothesizes that brain exposure to androgens promotes involvement in criminal behavior. General support for this hypothesis has been provided by studies of postpubertal circulating levels of testosterone, at least among males. However, the theory also predicts that for both genders, prenatal androgens will be positively correlated with persistent offending, an idea for which no evidence currently exists. The present study used an indirect measure of prenatal androgen… CONTINUE READING
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