Criminal behavior and victimization among homeless individuals with severe mental illness: a systematic review.

  title={Criminal behavior and victimization among homeless individuals with severe mental illness: a systematic review.},
  author={Laurence Roy and Anne G. Crocker and Tonia L. Nicholls and Eric Latimer and Andrea Reyes Ayllon},
  journal={Psychiatric services},
  volume={65 6},
OBJECTIVES The objectives of the systematic review were to estimate the prevalence and correlates of criminal behavior, contacts with the criminal justice system, and victimization among homeless adults with severe mental illness. METHODS MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Web of Science were searched for published empirical investigations of prevalence and correlates of criminal behavior, contacts with the justice system, and episodes of… 

Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Risk of Criminal Justice Involvement and Victimization Among Homeless Adults With Mental Illness.

Findings support the need for early interventions for at-risk youths and trauma-informed practice and violence prevention policies that specifically target homeless populations.

Profiles of criminal justice system involvement of mentally ill homeless adults.

The Intersection between Criminal Accusations, Victimization, and Mental Disorders: A Canadian Population-Based Study

Individuals with mental disorders are at elevated risk of both criminal involvement and victimization, and the identification of these multiply-stigmatized individuals may lead to better intervention and support.

Violent victimization and health service utilization in a forensic psychiatric context: a comparison between offenders with mental disorders and matched controls

Offenders with mental disorders are at great risk of being victimized, and they experience impediments to receiving requisite health care, so interdisciplinary yet specialized health centers with outreach teams but without complicated referral procedures are possible.

Childhood Maltreatment and the Risk for Criminal Justice Involvement and Victimization Among Homeless Individuals: A Systematic Review

Findings showed that across the majority of studies, CM, and in particular childhood physical and sexual abuse, is associated with increased risk of both CJI and victimization, regardless of various important factors (e.g., sociodemographic characteristics, psychiatric disorders, substance use).

A Typology of Lifetime Criminal Justice Involvement Among Homeless Individuals With Mental Illness: Identifying Needs to Better Target Intervention

This study aimed to characterize lifetime criminal involvement among homeless people with mental illness in Canada (N = 1,682). A latent profile analysis yielded five classes. Most participants fell

Contact Between Police and People With Mental Disorders: A Review of Rates.

These estimates illuminate the magnitude of the issue and supply an empirically based reference point to scholars and practitioners in this area for understanding how local trends regarding police involvement in the lives of people with mental disorders compare with rates in the broader research literature.

Lifetime rates and correlates of crime victimisation in young people with mental ill-health

  • R. PurcellS. Harrigan
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Australasian psychiatry : bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
  • 2017
Young people with mental ill-health are vulnerable to criminal victimisation, particularly violent assaults, although the lifetime rates of victimisation are substantially lower than those observed in older cohorts with serious mental illness.



Criminal victimization of persons with severe mental illness.

A substantial rate of violent criminal victimization among persons with severe and persistent mental illness is found, and results suggest that substance use and homelessness makecriminal victimization more likely.

Perpetration of violence, violent victimization, and severe mental illness: balancing public health concerns.

Perpetration of violence and violent victimization are more common among persons with severe mental illness than in the general population, and victimization is a greater public health concern than perpetration.

Childhood risk factors for criminal justice involvement in a sample of homeless people with serious mental illness.

Assessment of the prevalence of childhood conduct disorder behaviors as a risk factor for adult criminal activity as well as the extent and types of adult criminal justice contact among homeless seriously mentally ill adults indicates that at least some proportion of arrests in this population are of people who have been exhibiting antisocial behavior since early adolescence.

Patterns and prevalence of arrest in a statewide cohort of mental health care consumers.

The likelihood of arrest appeared substantial among Persons with severe mental illness, but the bulk of offending appeared concentrated in a small group of persons and among persons with sociodemographic features similar to those of offenders in the general population.

Crime victimization in adults with severe mental illness: comparison with the National Crime Victimization Survey.

Crime victimization is a major public health problem among persons with SMI who are treated in the community and how the mental health system can respond to reduce victimization and its consequences is suggested.

Impact of assertive community treatment and client characteristics on criminal justice outcomes in dual disorder homeless individuals.

It is suggested that more specialized interventions are needed to reduce criminal behaviour in dual disorder individuals.

History of arrest, incarceration and victimization in community-based severely mentally ill

Severe mental illness, in particular in combination with substance abuse and homelessness, is associated with higher prevalence of both arrest and victimization history, and healthcare providers should solicit histories to include these events in order to understand and provide optimal care and case management services.

Characteristics and experiences of adults with a serious mental illness who were involved in the criminal justice system.

Being male, being homeless, not having outpatient mental health treatment, and having an involuntary psychiatric evaluation in the previous quarter were independently associated with significantly increased odds of misdemeanor arrests and additional days in jail.

Recent Victimization in Women and Men with Severe Mental Illness: Prevalence and Correlates

Results confirmed preliminary findings of a high prevalence of victimization in this population of women and men with SMI, and indicated the existence of a range of correlates of recent victimization, including demographic factors and living circumstances, history of childhood abuse, and psychiatric illness severity and substance abuse.

Involvement with the criminal justice system among new clients at outpatient mental health agencies.

The population overlap between the mental health system and criminal justice system and the multiple problems facing criminally involved clients argues for greater collaboration between the two systems and a comprehensive package of services to meet the multiple needs of this population.