Criminal Deterrence Research at the Outset of the Twenty-First Century

  title={Criminal Deterrence Research at the Outset of the Twenty-First Century},
  author={Daniel S. Nagin},
  journal={Crime and Justice},
  pages={1 - 42}
  • D. Nagin
  • Published 1 January 1998
  • Law
  • Crime and Justice
Evidence for a substantial deterrent effect is much firmer than it was two decades ago. However, large gaps in knowledge on the links between policy actions and behavior make it difficult to assess the effectiveness of policy options for deterring crime. There are four major impediments. First, analyses must estimate not only short-term consequences but also calibrate long-term effects. Some policies that are effective in preventing crime in the short term may be ineffective or even… 

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