Crime, Urban Flight, and the Consequences for Cities

@article{Cullen1999CrimeUF,
  title={Crime, Urban Flight, and the Consequences for Cities},
  author={Julie Berry Cullen and Steven D. Levitt},
  journal={Review of Economics and Statistics},
  year={1999},
  volume={81},
  pages={159-169}
}
This paper analyzes the link between rising city crime rates and urban flight. Each additional reported crime is associated with a roughly one-person decline in city population. Almost all of the crime-related population decline is attributable to increased out-migration rather than a decrease in new arrivals. Households that leave the city because of crime are much more likely to remain within the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA) than those that leave the city for other reasons… 

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