Crime, Hysteria and Belle Époque Hypnotism: The Path Traced by Jean-Martin Charcot and Georges Gilles de la Tourette

  title={Crime, Hysteria and Belle {\'E}poque Hypnotism: The Path Traced by Jean-Martin Charcot and Georges Gilles de la Tourette},
  author={Julien Bogousslavsky and Olivier Walusinski and Denis Veyrunes},
  journal={European Neurology},
  pages={193 - 199}
Hysteria and hypnotism became a favorite topic of studies in the fin de siècle neurology that emerged from the school organized at La Salpêtrière by Jean-Martin Charcot, where he had arrived in 1861. Georges Gilles de la Tourette started working with Charcot in 1884 and probably remained his most faithful student, even after his mentor’s death in 1893. This collaboration was particularly intense on ‘criminal hypnotism’, an issue on which Hippolyte Bernheim and his colleagues from the Nancy… 

Figures from this paper

Hysteria after Charcot: back to the future.
A comprehensive look at the evolution of ideas on hysteria in the followers of Charcot shows that contrary to a common and artificially maintained view over the years, the modernity of several of his concepts remains remarkable.
Gilles de la Tourette's criminal women The many faces of fin de siècle hypnotism
Crime and hypnosis in fin-de-siècle Germany: the Czynski case
  • H. Wolffram
  • Psychology
    Notes and Records: the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
  • 2017
Focusing on the expert testimony about hypnosis and hypnotic crime during this case, it will show that, while such trials offered opportunities to criminalize and pathologize lay hypnosis, they did not always provide the ideal forum for settling scientific questions or disputes.
Jean-Martin Charcot and his legacy.
While his ideas on hysteria and hypnotism were criticized after his death even by former pupils, such as Babinski, recent findings from functional studies using magnetic resonance imaging show how accurate and often visionary Charcot's thinking was in this field.
Birth of modern psychiatry and the death of alienism: the legacy of Jean-Martin Charcot.
Pushed by Charcot, the academic evolution led to the launch of a faculty chair of mental and brain diseases in 1875, which was taken over for nearly half a century by his direct pupils Benjamin Ball, Alix Joffroy and Gilbert Ballet, supporting the development of modern psychiatry in general hospitals, while alienism progressively disappeared at the turn of the century.
Georges Gilles de la Tourette and his legacy
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, the complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by multiple motor and vocal tics, is undoubtedly his main legacy, and his name was progressively neglected during the first half of the XX century, as the psychoanalytic paradigm that prevailed associated tics with rare and somewhat bizarre psychologically driven manifestations.
From Alienism to the Birth of Modern Psychiatry: A Neurological Story?
The interactions between developing neurology and psychiatry in Paris are of interest, in a city which was the main center for studies on the nervous system and its disorders during the nineteenth
Keeping the fire burning: Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Richer, Charles Féré and Alfred Binet.
It is described how the work on hysteria of Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Richer, Charles Féré and Alfred Binet was closely associated with Charcot, and how they remained faithful to their mentor.
Hypnosis and the Nancy quarrel.
This chapter examines the history of mesmerism, hysteria, hypnosis, and fin-de-siècle neurology represented by both the Nancy and Salpêtrière schools.
Living his writings: The example of neurologist G. Gilles de la tourette
Gilles de la Tourette had an unusual personality, with hypomanic and histrionic traits, which are presented based on the discovery of personal letters which illuminate the hidden side of this famous neurologist.


Georges Gilles de la Tourette. The man and his times.
: Georges Albert Edouard Brutus Gilles de la Tourette (1857-1904), one of Charcot's favourite pupils and his self-appointed amanuensis made several valuable contributions to medicine and literature.
Medical-legal issues in Charcot’s neurologic career
  • C. Goetz
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • 2004
Charcot’s involvement demonstrates the long tradition of an interface between neurology and legal medicine and provides a model for highly limited but authoritative involvement by academic neurologists in medical-legal affairs.
Hypnotism and Crime
It seems to me that the evidence of Dr. Bramwell is to be accepted as final in regard to this important medico-sociological question, and that the question of the nature of the crime suggested, and the psychical state involved in each case must be examined much more carefully.
Murders and Madness: Medicine, Law, and Society in the fin de siecle
This book discusses medicine, law, and criminology, women, hysteria, and hypnotism, and alcoholism and the working-class man, as well as women, honour, and crimes of passion.