Creativity in Offspring of Schizophrenic and Control Parents: An Adoption Study

  title={Creativity in Offspring of Schizophrenic and Control Parents: An Adoption Study},
  author={Dennis K. Kinney and Ruth L. Richards and Patricia A. Lowing and D Leblanc and Morris E. Zimbalist and Patricia Harlan},
  journal={Creativity Research Journal},
  pages={17 - 25}
Previous studies (Heston & Denney, 1968; Karlsson, 1970; Kauffman, Grunebaum, Cohler, & Gamer, 1979) have reported that psychologically healthier biological relatives of persons with schizophrenia had unusually creative jobs and hobbies. These studies, however, examined only eminent levels of creativity in a few professions, involved serendipitous post hoc findings, assessed creativity, or both, while aware of diagnosis. We studied 36 index adult adoptees of biological parents with… 
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Mental illness in the biological and adoptive relatives of schizophrenic adoptees: findings relevant to genetic and environmental factors in etiology.
  • S. Kety
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1983
Both the DSM-III diagnoses and the authors' global diagnoses found a highly significant concentration of chronic, latent, and uncertain schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder in the biological relatives of adoptees who developed chronic schizophrenia.
Schizotypal and hypomanic traits, creativity, and psychological health
There are both theoretical and empirical linkages between the functioning of creative and eminent individuals and a variety of forms of psychopa‐thology, in particular schizophrenia and bipolar
Relationships between creativity and psychopathology: an evaluation and interpretation of the evidence.
This work as a whole appears to support elevated levels of psychopathology among recognized creators compared to the general population, and familial (and perhaps even genetic) patterns of creativity-psychopathology association.
Thought disorder in schizophrenic and control adoptees and their relatives.
Results suggest that the elevated TDI scores in the relatives of persons with schizophrenia reflect the operation of genes increasing the liability for schizophrenia, rather than the rearing experiences that were shared in common with schizophrenic probands.
Adoption studies of schizophrenia.
The adoption studies of schizophrenia are proving valuable in establishing the significance of both genetic and environmental contributions to the illness and in clarifying the diagnostic criteria for a genetically relevant syndrome.
Mental illness in the biological and adoptive relatives of schizophrenic adoptees. Replication of the Copenhagen Study in the rest of Denmark.
This study and its confirmation of previous results in the Copenhagen Study speak for a syndrome that can be reliably recognized in which genetic factors play a significant etiologic role: observed familial clustering in schizophrenia is an expression of shared genetic factors.
Superkids: competent children of psychotic mothers.
The authors examined a subgroup of outstandingly talented, colorful, and competent "high-risk" children and found that the 6 most socially and intellectually competent high-risk children were strikingly more competent,colored, creative, and talented than the 6 highest functioning control children.
Creativity and mental illness: prevalence rates in writers and their first-degree relatives.
  • N. Andreasen
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1987
Both writers and control subjects had IQs in the superior range; the writers excelled only on the WAIS vocabulary subtest, confirming previous observations that intelligence and creativity are independent mental abilities.
The inheritance of schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a reanalysis of the Danish adoptee study data.
Reanalysis of the original material using DSM-III and stricter exclusionary criteria applied to the parents yielded three times as many schizophrenia spectrum disorders in the index as in the control group, supporting the operation of genetic factors in the transmission of the traits comprising the schizophrenic spectrum of disorders.