Creative Development as Acquired Expertise: Theoretical Issues and an Empirical Test☆

  title={Creative Development as Acquired Expertise: Theoretical Issues and an Empirical Test☆},
  author={Dean Keith Simonton},
  journal={Developmental Review},
  • D. Simonton
  • Published 1 June 2000
  • Psychology
  • Developmental Review
Abstract Although outstanding creativity has been viewed as an acquired expertise, creative development might operate differently than occurs in sports, games, and music performance. To test the creative-expertise hypothesis, the careers of 59 classical composers were examined according to the differential aesthetic success of their 911 operas. The potential predictors were seven measures of domain-relevant experience: cumulative years (since first operas, first compositions, and first lessons… 

Tables from this paper

Creativity as Educational Objectives: From a Meta-theoretical Heuristic to Domain-specific Creative Behaviours

Abstract The aim of this study was to explore the education expert and non-expert consensually rated nature of creativity operationalized as observable behaviour. When operationalized as observable

Age and Aesthetic Significance in Classical Music: A Multi-Level Reanalysis of Halsey's (1976) Ratings

Halsey (1976) provided quantitative ratings of the aesthetic significance of classical music masterworks, which have often been used in empirical studies of lifespan creativity. Previous research

A Minimal Theory of Creative Ability

A minimal theory of creative ability is proposed to create a consistent conceptual theory to guide investigations of individual differences in creative ability and has important implications for creativity theory, measurement, and practice.

UvA-DARE (Digital Academic Repository) A Minimal Theory of Creative Ability

: Despite decades of extensive research on creativity, the field still combats psychometric problems when measuring individual differences in creative ability and people’s potential to achieve

Fostering students’ creative thinking skills by means of a one-year creativity training program

The creativity training increased students’ ideation skills and, more importantly their cognitive flexibility, however, no difference in originality was observed and an increase in performance was observed for one of the convergent creativity tasks, the Remote Associate Test.

Individual differences in expertise development over decades in a complex intellectual domain

The data show various correlated signs of apparent greater natural talent in eventual top players: precocity, faster acquisition of expertise, and a higher peak performance level after extensive actual practice.

Development of Studies in Creativity

Broadly speaking, creativity is the ability to create meaningful new ideas, forms, sounds, methods, performances, and interpretations. It implies that the creator’s mind is non-conformist with the



Fickle fashion versus immortal fame: Transhistorical assessments of creative products in the opera house.

Although the output of creative products provides a valid measure of individual differences in creativity, this criterion assumes that judgments of a product's creativity have long-term stability.

Emergence and realization of genius: The lives and works of 120 classical composers.

Building on a model of individual differences in career development, new predictions are proposed regarding the preparatory phase of a creative life. After data on an elite sample of 120 classical

The swan-song phenomenon: last-works effects for 172 classical composers.

Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that composers' swan songs tend to score lower in melodic originality and performance duration but higher in repertoire popularity and aesthetic significance.

Leaders of American Psychology, 1879-1967: Career Development, Creative Output, and Professional Achievement

Building on previous work in the metasciences, this article examines 69 eminent psychologists who helped make the United States a center of disciplinary activity. After measuring professional

Age and outstanding achievement: what do we know after a century of research?

This article examines, in four sections, the substantial literature on the longitudinal connection between personal age and outstanding achievement in domains of creativity and leadership, with special focus on the typical age curve and its variations across disciplines.

Musical Aesthetics and Creativity in Beethoven: A Computer Analysis of 105 Compositions

A fundamental task in empirical aesthetics is to determine why some artistic creations earn the label “masterpiece” whereas others slip into oblivion. Computer content analyses can help us achieve

Thematic fame and melodic originality in classical music: A multivariate computer‐content analysis1

In order to understand the foundation of eminence in cultural activities, an attempt was made at learning why some works creators produce are more famous than others. This paper specifically

Popularity, content, and context in 37 Shakespeare plays

The creative cognition approach.

Mental processes are the essence of creative endeavor. The Creative Cognition Approach extends this particular view of creativity, first proposed and developed by the editors in their earlier book