Creation and diagnosis of a solid-density plasma with an X-ray free-electron laser

  title={Creation and diagnosis of a solid-density plasma with an X-ray free-electron laser},
  author={Sam M. Vinko and Orlando Ciricosta and Beongki Cho and Kyle Engelhorn and H. -K. Chung and Corydon R Brown and Tom{\'a}{\vs} Burian and Jakub Chalupsk{\'y} and Roger W Falcone and Christopher Graves and Věra H{\'a}jkov{\'a} and Andrew Higginbotham and Libor Juha and Jacek Krzywiński and Hyung Jin Lee and Marc Messerschmidt and C D Murphy and Yongli Ping and A. Scherz and W. Schlotter and Sven Toleikis and Joshua J. Turner and Luděk Vy{\vs}{\'i}n and Tong Wang and Beili Wu and U Zastrau and Delin Zhu and Richard Wai Shing Lee and Philip A. Heimann and Bob Nagler and Justin S. Wark},
Matter with a high energy density (>105 joules per cm3) is prevalent throughout the Universe, being present in all types of stars and towards the centre of the giant planets; it is also relevant for inertial confinement fusion. Its thermodynamic and transport properties are challenging to measure, requiring the creation of sufficiently long-lived samples at homogeneous temperatures and densities. With the advent of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray laser, high-intensity radiation… CONTINUE READING
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