Creating and undermining social support in communal relationships: the role of compassionate and self-image goals.

  title={Creating and undermining social support in communal relationships: the role of compassionate and self-image goals.},
  author={Jennifer Crocker and Amy Canevello},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={95 3},
In 2 studies, the authors examined whether relationship goals predict change in social support and trust over time. In Study 1, a group of 199 college freshmen completed pretest and posttest measures of social support and interpersonal trust and completed 10 weekly reports of friendship goals and relationship experiences. Average compassionate goals predicted closeness, clear and connected feelings, and increased social support and trust over the semester; self-image goals attenuated these… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Compassionate and self-image goals as interpersonal maintenance factors in clinical depression and anxiety.

Results suggest the relevance of self-image and compassionate goals for the interpersonal maintenance of depression and anxiety.

Compassionate Goals, Facebook Use, and Subjective Well-Being: Examining the Roles of Relationship Maintenance and Connectedness

Past research found that compassionate goals were associated with more responsive behaviors on Facebook, which in turn were associated with greater social capital. The current study aimed to examine

Focusing on Self or Others Has Different Consequences for Psychological Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Distinct Interpersonal Goals

A longitudinal study examined the association between interpersonal goals (self-image and compassionate goals) and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. We propose that having self-image goals

Predicting change in relationship insecurity: The roles of compassionate and self‐image goals

It was hypothesized that self-image goals to construct, defend, and maintain desired images of the self enhance relationship insecurity, whereas compassionate goals to support others diminish

Self-Compassion and Current Close Interpersonal Relationships: A Scoping Literature Review.

Objectives In order to provide a broad overview of the body of peer-reviewed literature on self-compassion and close relationships, this scoping review describes how self-compassion relates to

Interdependent = Compassionate? Compassionate and Self-Image Goals and Their Relationships With Interdependence in the United States and Japan

It is found that the indices of interdependence reflecting connection with others showed moderately positive correlations with compassionate goals whereas indices of Interventions reflecting conformity showed moderate correlations with likable, competent, and avoidant self-image goals, indicating that the pursuit of compassionate and self- image goals reflect different aspects of interDependence.

The Paradoxical Consequences of Interpersonal Goals: Relationships, Distress, and the Self

People often try to manage the impressions others have of them so others will have high regard for them. What are the consequences of chronically having self-image goals in ongoing relationships? A

The Role of Compassionate and Self-Image Goals in Predicting Psychological Controlling and Facilitative Parenting Styles

The findings from study 1 demonstrate how goal motivation can influence parenting style, with the results from study 2 suggesting that instruction alone is insufficient to shift goal orientation.

Relating to Self and Other: Mindfulness Predicts Compassionate and Self-Image Relationship Goals

In three studies, we tested the hypothesis that mindfulness is associated with and predicts the relationship goals to be compassionate and to bolster one’s self-image. In the first two studies, both

Interpersonal goals and change in anxiety and dysphoria in first-semester college students.

The results suggest that compassionate goals contribute to decreased distress because they provide meaning and increase support given to others, creating the potential for upward and downward spirals of goals and distress.



Projection of responsiveness to needs and the construction of satisfying communal relationships.

Testing a social projection model of perceived partner responsiveness to needs suggests that projection of own responsiveness is an important determinant of perceived social support and is a means by which caring perceivers maintain satisfying and subjectively communal relationships.

Motivations for Caregiving in Adult Intimate Relationships: Influences on Caregiving Behavior and Relationship Functioning

There are a number of distinct motivations for providing and for not providing care to one's partner, and responsive caregiving predicts the recipient's perceptions of healthy relationship functioning both immediately and over time.

Perceived Support and Low Emotional Distress: The Role of Enacted Support, Dyad Similarity, and Provider Personality

Two important issues in social support research are (a) the characteristics of support providers (e.g., enacted support and provider personality) that perceivers use to judge supportiveness and (b)

Attachment, caregiving, and relationship functioning in couples: effects of self and partner

We examined the links among attachment, caregiving, and relationship functioning in both dating (Study 1) and married couples (Study 2), assessing both partners' perspectives. We found that (1) men

Working models of attachment shape perceptions of social support: evidence from experimental and observational studies.

Evidence is provided that individuals are predisposed to appraise their support experiences in ways that are consistent with their chronic working models of attachment, especially when the support message is ambiguous.

A safe haven: an attachment theory perspective on support seeking and caregiving in intimate relationships.

Results indicated that when support seekers rated their problem as more stressful, they engaged in more direct support-seeking behavior, which led their partners to respond with more helpful forms of caregiving, leading seekers to feel cared for and to experience improved mood.

Psychological Entitlement: Interpersonal Consequences and Validation of a Self-Report Measure

The Psychological Entitlement Scale was found to be reliable and valid, not associated with social desirability, stable across time, and correlated negatively with two of the Big Five factors: agreeableness and emotional stability.

Predictors of caregiving in adult intimate relationships: an attachment theoretical perspective.

Results revealed that attachment style and mediating mechanisms identified in Phase 1 also predicted observable support behavior in a specific episode in which a partner had a clear need for support.

Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem".

Evidence from 6 experiments supports the social reconnection hypothesis, which posits that the experience of social exclusion increases the motivation to forge social bonds with new sources of

Accommodation processes in close relationships: Theory and preliminary empirical evidence.

A theory of accommodation processes is advanced, and the results of 6 studies are reported. Accommodation refers to the willingness, when a partner has engaged in a potentially destructive act, to