Craving and withdrawal as core symptoms of alcohol dependence.

  title={Craving and withdrawal as core symptoms of alcohol dependence.},
  author={Carla de Bruijn and Aleksander Korzec and Frank Koerselman and Wim van den Brink},
  journal={The Journal of nervous and mental disease},
  volume={192 7},
There is ongoing debate regarding the validity of the distinction of alcohol abuse and dependence, the distinction between normality and alcohol abuse, and the absence of craving in the DSM-IV classification of alcohol use disorders. In this study, we examine the discriminant validity of the DSM-IV alcohol use disorder diagnoses in three different populations (98 patients from an alcohol treatment service, 68 nontreatment-seeking heavy drinkers, and 75 psychiatric outpatients). We compare the… CONTINUE READING