Cratering Chronology and the Evolution of Mars

  title={Cratering Chronology and the Evolution of Mars},
  author={William K. Hartmann and Gerhard Neukum},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
Results by Neukum et al. (2001) and Ivanov (2001) are combined with crater counts to estimate ages of Martian surfaces. These results are combined with studies of Martian meteorites (Nyquist et al., 2001) to establish a rough chronology of Martian history. High crater densities in some areas, together with the existence of a 4.5 Gyr rock from Mars (ALH84001), which was weathered at about 4.0 Gyr, affirm that some of the oldest surfaces involve primordial crustal materials, degraded by various… 
Martian cratering 11. Utilizing decameter scale crater populations to study Martian history
New information has been obtained in recent years regarding formation rates and the production size‐frequency distribution (PSFD) of decameter‐scale primary Martian craters formed during recent
Ice Flow in Debris Aprons and Central Peaks, and the Application of Crater Counts
We apply studies of decameter-scale craters to studies of probable ice-flow-related features on Mars, to interpret both chronometry and geological processes among the features. The first issue is
Continual geological activity in Athabasca Valles, Mars
[1] Comprehensive studies of the stratigraphic relationships in the Athabasca Valles region have been performed on imagery from the Viking Orbiters and the Mars Orbiter Camera (narrow and wide angle)
Correction to “Effect of obliteration on crater‐count chronologies for Martian surfaces”
[1] The density of impact craters calibrated against lunar data is currently the only quantitative measure of surface age for terrestrial planetary surfaces. Unlike the Moon, however, Mars has been
In situ calibration of the Martian cratering chronology
  • S. Werner
  • Geology, Physics
    Meteoritics & Planetary Science
  • 2019
Crater densities on planetary surfaces allow assessing relative ages but so far firm calibration of so‐called cratering‐chronology models is available only for the Moon and limited to the past 4.1


Martian Cratering, 4, Mariner 9 initial analysis of cratering chronology
Mars contains a range of crater types similar to the types found on the earth and on the moon and in varying states of preservation. Positive evidence of erosive loss of kilometer scale craters comes
Martian cratering VI: Crater count isochrons and evidence for recent volcanism from Mars Global Surveyor
Abstract— This paper develops a methodology to establish absolute Martian ages by deriving isochrons on a plot of Martian impact crater density vs. crater diameter, calibrated by lunar crater/age
Evidence for recent volcanism on Mars from crater counts
Impact craters help characterize the age of a planetary surface, because they accumulate with time. They also provide useful constraints on the importance of surface erosion, as such processes will
The Martian impact cratering record.
A detailed analysis of the Martian impact cratering record is presented. The major differences in impact crater morphology and morphometry between Mars and the moon and Mercury are argued to be
Elysium Planitia lava flows: Crater count chronology and geological implications
Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) and Viking images allow analysis of chronological and geological relations among lava flows in southern Elysium Planitia, based on crater populations. MGS and Viking images
Martian cratering V: Toward an Empirical Martian Chronology, and Its Implications
This paper estimates ages of Martian features by dividing least-square-fitted crater densities by an estimated Martian crater production rate. This method is more rigorous than methods based purely
The martian surface.
  • E. Opik
  • Geology, Physics
  • 1966
With the scarcity of factual data and the difficulty of applying crucial tests, many of the properties of the Martian surface remain a mystery; the planet may become a source of great surprises in