Craniofacial morphology in patients with Kallmann's syndrome with and without cleft lip and palate.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Kallmann's syndrome is characterized by the association of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia or hyposmia. The principal endocrine defect of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism is a failure to secrete luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), resulting in underdevelopment of the pituitary gonadotropes and an inability to synthesize and… (More)

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