Craniofacial malformation among endemic cretins in Ecuador.

  title={Craniofacial malformation among endemic cretins in Ecuador.},
  author={Heidi Israel and George F. Johnson and R Fierro-Ben{\'i}tez},
  journal={Journal of craniofacial genetics and developmental biology},
  volume={3 1},
Nearly 6% of the inhabitants of two villages in Ecuador are deaf-mute and mentally retarded cretins. These communities are situated in the Andean highlands where environmental and dietary stores of iodine are extremely scarce. Endemic goiter and cretinism are widespread, and 10% of the cretins are additionally burdened with dwarfism and facial dysmorphia… CONTINUE READING