Cranio-morphometric and aDNA corroboration of the Austronesian dispersal model in ancient Island Southeast Asia: Support from Gua Harimau, Indonesia

  title={Cranio-morphometric and aDNA corroboration of the Austronesian dispersal model in ancient Island Southeast Asia: Support from Gua Harimau, Indonesia},
  author={H. Matsumura and K. Shinoda and Truman Shimanjuntak and Adhi Agus Oktaviana and Sofwan Noerwidi and Harry Octavianus Sofian and D. Prastiningtyas and L. C. Nguyen and Tsuneo Kakuda and Hideaki Kanzawa-Kiriyama and Noboru Adachi and H. Hung and Xuechun Fan and Xiujie Wu and Anna Willis and M. Oxenham},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
The Austronesian language is spread from Madagascar in the west, Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) in the east (e.g. the Philippines and Indonesian archipelagoes) and throughout the Pacific, as far east as Easter Island. While it seems clear that the remote ancestors of Austronesian speakers originated in Southern China, and migrated to Taiwan with the development of rice farming by c. 5500 BP and onto the northern Philippines by c. 4000 BP (the Austronesian Dispersal Hypothesis or ADH), we know… Expand
Morphological variability of Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic skulls from Sicily.
A high variability among the Mesolithic specimens, as well as a large craniometric distance from the presumed founder Paleolithic settler representatives (San Teodoro specimens) that have closer morphological affinities with other European Upper Paleolithic specimens are underline. Expand
Paleogenetic and morphometric analysis of a Mesolithic individual from Grotta d’Oriente: An oldest genetic legacy for the first modern humans in Sicily
Abstract Grotta d’Oriente, a coastal cave located on the island of Favignana (Sicily, Italy) is a key site for the study of the early human colonization of Sicily. Inside the cave, during differentExpand
Craniometrics Reveal “Two Layers” of Prehistoric Human Dispersal in Eastern Eurasia
Clear dichotomization between the two layers implies a temporally deep divergence of distinct migration routes for AMH through both southern and northern Eurasia. Expand
Ancient DNA indicates human population shifts and admixture in northern and southern China
Genetic differentiation in this region was higher in the past than the present, which reflects a major episode of admixture involving northern East Asian ancestry spreading across southern East Asia after the Neolithic, thereby transforming the genetic ancestry of southern China. Expand
A review of archaeological dating efforts at cave and rockshelter sites in the Indonesian Archipelago
In the last 35 years Indonesia has seen a substantial increase in the number of dated, cave and rockshelter sites, from 10 to 99. Here we review the published records of cave and rockshelter sitesExpand
Ethical issues of bioarchaeology in Southeast Asia
Since the 1990s there has been an increase in bioarchaeological research in many parts of Southeast Asia by both locals and non-locals. Southeast Asian countries are characterised by varied social,Expand
Etnobiologi Kota Amlapura, Karangasem, Bali: Amla, Amlapura dan Phyllanthus emblica L. (Phyllanthaceae)
Amlapura is a Sanskrit name for the city of Karangasem and the result of the ethnobiological research conducted in this study indicates that it refers to a species of plant named Phyllanthus emblicaExpand
Migrasi Austronesia sejak 4.500 tahun lalu merupakan suatu fenomena mengagumkan dalam sejarah peradaban manusia, yang mencakup luasan wilayah dan kecepatan persebarannya di Kepulauan Nusantara. NamunExpand


Tracing the Austronesian footprint in Mainland Southeast Asia: a perspective from mitochondrial DNA.
The results suggested that the origin of the Cham was likely a process of assimilation of massive local Mon-Khmer populations accompanied with language shift, thus indicating that the Austronesian diffusion in MSEA was mainly mediated by cultural diffusion, at least from the matrilineal genetic perspective. Expand
Craniofacial features of Southeast Asians and Jomonese: a reconsideration of their microevolution since the Late Pleistocene
The results show that Jomonese are much more like the prehistoric mainland Southeast Asians and recent aboriginal people in Borneo, the Dajaks, than like East Asians, Polynesians (Hawaiians), western Micronesians (Guamanians), Melanesian, Melanesians, and Australians. Expand
A mitochondrial stratigraphy for island southeast Asia.
It is demonstrated that mitochondrial DNA diversity in the region is extremely high and includes a large number of indigenous clades, suggesting that, if an agriculturalist migration did take place in ISEA, it was demographically minor, at least with regard to the involvement of women. Expand
A predominantly indigenous paternal heritage for the Austronesian-speaking peoples of insular Southeast Asia and Oceania.
Using detailed genealogical study of Y chromosome variation, it is shown that the majority of current Austronesian speakers trace their paternal heritage to Pleistocene settlers in the region, as opposed to more-recent agricultural immigrants. Expand
Early Austronesians: into and out of Taiwan.
Bayesian phylogenetic analysis allows us to reconstruct a history of early Austronesians arriving in Taiwan in the north, spreading rapidly to the south, and leaving Taiwan ~4,000 years ago to spread throughout Island Southeast Asia, Madagascar, and Oceania. Expand
Terminal Pleistocene human skeleton from Hang Cho Cave, northern Vietnam: implications for the biological affinities of Hoabinhian people
An excavation at the cave site of Hang Cho in northern Vietnam resulted in the discovery of a terminal Pleistocene human skeleton in a relatively good state of preservation. The material culture fromExpand
A morphometric analysis of the Late Pleistocene Human Skeleton from the Moh Khiew Cave in Thailand.
  • H. Matsumura, S. Pookajorn
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Homo : internationale Zeitschrift fur die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen
  • 2005
The results suggest that the Moh Khiew skeleton, as well as other fossil remains from the Tabon, Niah and Gua Gunung sites, represents a member of the Sundaland population during the Late Pleistocene, who may share common ancestry with the present-day Australian Aborigines and Melanesians. Expand
Anatomically modern human in Southeast Asia (Laos) by 46 ka
In the context of an increasingly documented archaic–modern morphological mosaic among the earliest modern humans in western Eurasia, Tam Pa Ling establishes a definitively modern population in Southeast Asia at ∼50 ka cal BP, which provides the earliest skeletal evidence for fullymodern humans in mainland Southeast Asia. Expand
Demographic transitions and migration in prehistoric East/Southeast Asia through the lens of nonmetric dental traits.
Distinct patterns of clinal variation among Neolithic and post-Neolithic Mainland Southeast Asian samples suggest a center to periphery spread of genes into the region from Northeast Asia. Expand
Philippine mitochondrial DNA diversity: a populated viaduct between Taiwan and Indonesia?
Analysis of hypervariable segment I sequence variation within individual mtDNA haplogroups indicates a general decrease in the diversity of the most frequent types from the Taiwanese aborigines to the Philippines and Sulawesi, although calculated standard error measures overlap for these populations. Expand