Cranial design and function in a large theropod dinosaur

@article{Rayfield2001CranialDA,
  title={Cranial design and function in a large theropod dinosaur},
  author={Emily J. Rayfield and David B. Norman and Celeste C. Horner and Jack Horner and Paula M. Smith and Jeffrey J. Thomason and Paul Upchurch},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2001},
  volume={409},
  pages={1033-1037}
}
Finite element analysis (FEA) is used by industrial designers and biomechanicists to estimate the performance of engineered structures or human skeletal and soft tissues subjected to varying regimes of stress and strain. FEA is rarely applied to problems of biomechanical design in animals, despite its potential to inform structure–function analysis. Non-invasive techniques such as computed tomography scans can be used to generate accurate three-dimensional images of structures, such as skulls… 

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