Cranial base in craniofacial development: Developmental features, influence on facial growth, anomaly, and molecular basis

@article{Nie2005CranialBI,
  title={Cranial base in craniofacial development: Developmental features, influence on facial growth, anomaly, and molecular basis},
  author={Xuguang Nie},
  journal={Acta Odontologica Scandinavica},
  year={2005},
  volume={63},
  pages={127 - 135}
}
  • X. Nie
  • Published 1 January 2005
  • Medicine
  • Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
The cranial base is of crucial importance in integrated craniofacial development. As distinct from facial bones, it is formed through endochondral ossification. The posterior and anterior cranial bases are derived from distinct embryologic origins and grow independently — the anterior cranial base solely from the neural crest, the posterior cranial base from the paraxial mesoderm. The anterior cranial base has more prolonged and active growth and exerts more influence on facial growth than does… 
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