Cranial Discrete Traits in a Byzantine Population and Eastern Mediterranean Population Movements

  title={Cranial Discrete Traits in a Byzantine Population and Eastern Mediterranean Population Movements},
  author={F. X. Ricaut and Marc Waelkens},
  booktitle={Human Biology: The Official Publication of the American Association of Anthropological Genetics},
Abstract Since the beginning of the Holocene, the Anatolian region has been a crossroads for populations and civilizations from Europe, Asia, and the Near to Middle East, with increasing interactions since the Bronze Age. In this context, we examine cranial discrete traits from a Byzantine population from southwest Turkey, excavated at the archeological site of Sagalassos; the site displays human occupation since the 12th millennium B.P. To investigate the biological history of this population… 

Nonmetric cranial trait variation and the origins of the Scythians.

The gene pool of the Scythian population likely comprises both local and Central Asian genetic components, though the exact origins and proportion of the eastern component currently remains unknown.

Nonmetric cranial trait variation and population history of medieval East Slavic tribes.

  • A. Movsesian
  • Biology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2013
The results obtained suggest that the genetic affinity of the East Slavic tribes is due not only to inter-tribal gene flow, but is, more importantly, a result of their common population history.

Biological diversity and population history of Middle Holocene hunter-gatherers from the Cis-Baikal region of Siberia.

A comparison of Cis-Baikal Neolithic populations with modern Siberian natives suggests that the Сis- Baikal region could have been a source area for population expansions into different parts of Siberia in the Neolithic and Bronze Age times.

Dental Morphological Analysis of Roman Era Burials from the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt

Ismant el-Kharab (ancient Kellis) is an archaeological site in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt, which dates from the late Ptolemaic to the late Roman period. Previous studies of skeletal material from

Comparison between morphological and genetic data to estimate biological relationship: the case of the Egyin Gol necropolis (Mongolia).

The results showed that the Egyin Gol population is quite homogenous both metrically and genetically confirming a previous suggestion that the same people occupied the necropolis throughout the five centuries of its existence.

Protection in Life and Death: Pendant Crosses from the Cemetery of Apollo Klarios at Sagalassos, Turkey

This article presents the different types of pendant crosses found in the burials of a Middle Byzantine graveyard at the Pisidian settlement of Sagalassos in south-western Turkey. The aim is to study


Although Anatolia includes a rich anthropological data source, studies based on nonmeasurable features are limited. Thus, this study, aiming to contribute to this field, compares 30 nonmetric

Early Back-to-Africa Migration into the Horn of Africa

Taking into account published mitochondrial, Y chromosome, paleoclimate, and archaeological data, it is found that the time of the Ethio-Somali back-to-Africa migration is most likely pre-agricultural.

Biogeochemical Approaches to Bioarchaeological Research in Turkey: A Review

abstract:Bone chemical composition (particularly utilizing isotopes) analysis was a relatively late bloomer, beginning in the early 2000s and only gathering pace in the last five to ten years. Trace


Supraorbital foramen (SOF) and hypoglossal canal bridging (HGCB) show variation in their morphology and frequency in different populations. It is established that the frequency distribution of these



Cranial variation in the Marquesas Islands.

Examining Marquesan cranial discrete and metric traits to evaluate the level of intra-archipelago heterogeneity and determine if a northwest/southeast division is evident cranially reveals that 'Ua Huka, an island traditionally included in the northwestern Marquesa Islands, has an affinity to the southeastern Marquesas Islands.

DNA diversity and population admixture in Anatolia.

The Turkic language was introduced in Anatolia at the start of this millennium, by nomadic Turkmen groups from Central Asia, and the most reliable estimates suggest roughly 30% Central Asian admixture for both mitochondrial and Y-chromosome loci.

Craniometric evidence for Palaeoamerican survival in Baja California

Evidence of amodern Amerindian group from the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico, showing clearer affinities with Palaeoamerican remains than with modern Amerindians is presented, suggesting temporal continuity of the PalaeOamerican morphological pattern to the present.

Genetics, Egypt, and History: Interpreting Geographical Patterns of Y Chromosome Variation1

Modern Egypt, the site of Africa's earliest state, lies near the crossroads of two other continents, and has had historic interactions with all its neighboring regions. This alone would make it an

Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe

A Brooks parsimony analysis produced an unrooted area phylogram, showing that: (i) the northern regions were colonized generally from the Iberic and Balkanic refugia; and (ii) the Italian lineages were often isolated due to the presence of the Alpine barrier.

The position of the Nazlet Khater specimen among prehistoric and modern African and Levantine populations.

The results suggest that variability between African populations during the Neolithic and Protohistoric periods was more pronounced than the range of variability observed among recent African and Levantine populations, and a general reduction in the degree of sexual dimorphism during the Holocene.

Characterization of biological diversity through analysis of discrete cranial traits.

The principal-coordinate and neighbor-joining analyses of Smith's mean measure of divergence (MMD), based on trait frequencies, indicate that the clustering pattern is similar to those based on classic genetic markers, DNA polymorphisms, and craniometrics, and significant interregional separation and intraregional diversity are present in Subsaharan Africans.

Composition of the founding population of Iceland: biological distance and morphological variation in early historic Atlantic Europe.

The Settlement Age population of Iceland was predominantly (60-90%) of Norwegian origin, although this population was relatively homogenous, the results do not preclude significant contributions from Ireland as well as other sources not represented in the analysis.

Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool.

Where west meets east: the complex mtDNA landscape of the southwest and Central Asian corridor.

A number of deep-rooting lineages, whose relative clustering and coalescent ages suggest an autochthonous origin in the southwestern Asian corridor during the Pleistocene are observed.