• Corpus ID: 40164922

Cranberry for prevention of urinary tract infections.

  title={Cranberry for prevention of urinary tract infections.},
  author={Darren M Lynch},
  journal={American family physician},
  volume={70 11},
  • D. Lynch
  • Published 1 December 2004
  • Medicine, Biology
  • American family physician
Traditionally, cranberry has been used for the treatment and prophylaxis of urinary tract infections. Research suggests that its mechanism of action is preventing bacterial adherence to host cell surface membranes. Systematic reviews have concluded that no reliable evidence supports the use of cranberry in the treatment or prophylaxis of urinary tract infections; however, more recent, randomized controlled trials demonstrate evidence of cranberry's utility in urinary tract infection prophylaxis… 

The Effects of Cranberries on Preventing Urinary Tract Infections

Current evidence suggests that cranberries decrease bacterial adherence to uroepithelial cells and thus decrease the incidence of UTIs without adverse effects in most individuals, and clinicians may safely advise patients that Cranberries are helpful in preventing UTIs.

Cranberries and lower urinary tract infection prevention

The key methods in using cranberries as a preventive measure for lower urinary tract infections are reviewed, including in vitro studies and clinical trials.

Bioactive compounds in cranberries and their role in prevention of urinary tract infections.

  • A. Howell
  • Biology, Medicine
    Molecular nutrition & food research
  • 2007
The link between cranberry ingestion and maintenance of urinary tract health as well as the structural diversity, pharmacokinetics, quantification, and bacterial antiadhesion bioactivity of the A-linked cranberry PACs are reviewed.

Cranberry business and evidence-based prevention of urinary tract infection.

The results of this Cochrane review should be interpreted with caution as the clinical evidence can, at the most, be categorized as level 2 (mid level), as the nature of cranberry products among different trials was not uniform to allow a good metanalysis.

Herbal remedies for urinary tract infection

There are quite a few herbal remedies that prove very effective in preventing and treating UTIs and the present review focuses on the herbal remedies for the treatment of UTIs.

Nonantibiotic prevention and management of recurrent urinary tract infection

Evidence for the nonantibiotic measures is hampered by considerable heterogeneity, and further placebo-controlled randomized trials of these agents are needed, so firm recommendations for their use can be made.

Cranberry and Prevention of Urinary Tract Infections in Children

A meta-analysis arrived at the conclusion that antibiotic prophylaxis is associated with a meaningful reduction in the risk of UTI infection, and the peculiar characteristics of this natural element and its possible use in the prevention ofUTI are introduced.

Cranberry is not effective for the prevention or treatment of urinary tract infections in individuals with spinal cord injury

Limited evidence from clinical trials that vary in design suggests that cranberry, in juice or supplement form, does not seem to be effective in preventing or treating UTIs in the SCI population.

Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) and urinary tract infections: study model and review of literature

A group of proanthocyanidins with A-type linkages were isolated which exhibit bacterial anti-adhesion activity against uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains which inhibit P-fimbriae synthesis and induce a bacterial deformation.

Effective Use of Herbal Medicine in Urinary Tract Infections

This paper will discuss urinary tract infections and botanical therapeutics through a case-study presentation and the choice of herbs, through their herbal actions, along with appropriate therapeutic dosing strategies will determine the effectiveness of herbal treatment and prevent the need to intervene with antibiotics.



Cranberries for treating urinary tract infections.

There is no good quality evidence to suggest that cranberry juice is effective for the treatment of urinary tract infections, and well-designed parallel group, double blind trials comparing cranberry Juice and other cranberry products versus placebo are needed.

Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections.

On the basis of the available evidence, cranberry juice cannot be recommended for the prevention of urinary tract infections in susceptible populations and other cranberry products such as cranberry capsules may be more acceptable.

Efficacy of cranberry in prevention of urinary tract infection in a susceptible pediatric population.

Liquid cranberry products, on a daily basis, at the dosage employed, did not have any effect greater than that of water in preventing urinary tract infections in this pediatric neuropathic bladder population.

Randomised trial of cranberry-lingonberry juice and Lactobacillus GG drink for the prevention of urinary tract infections in women

Regular drinking of cranberry juice but not lactobacillus seems to reduce the recurrence of urinary tract infection and may reduce the need for antimicrobials for recurrent urinary tract infections.

Reduction of bacteriuria and pyuria using cranberry juice.

It is apparent that their randomization and/or blinding scheme failed and that the two groups were not comparable with regard to previous UTI (Table), suggesting the placebo group was more likely at baseline to experience UTI or bacteriuria/pyuria than the treatment group.

A randomized trial to evaluate effectiveness and cost effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary tract infection in women.

Cranberry tablets provided the most cost-effective prevention for UTI and cost effectiveness ratios demonstrated cranberry tablets were twice as cost effective as organic juice for prevention.

Reduction of bacteriuria and pyuria after ingestion of cranberry juice.

It is suggested that use of a cranberry beverage reduces the frequency of bacteriuria with pyuria in older women and prevalent beliefs about the effects of cranberry juice on the urinary tract may have microbiologic justification.