Crack whips the heart: a review of the cardiovascular toxicity of cocaine.

@article{Afonso2007CrackWT,
  title={Crack whips the heart: a review of the cardiovascular toxicity of cocaine.},
  author={Luis Henrique de Castro - Afonso and Tamam Mohammad and Deepak Thatai},
  journal={The American journal of cardiology},
  year={2007},
  volume={100 6},
  pages={1040-3}
}
Cocaine is an extremely powerful reinforcing psychostimulant with highly addictive properties. Over the last few decades, cocaine addiction has attained epidemic proportions in North America, imposing a tremendous burden on society and the health care system. The cardiovascular complications of cocaine abuse are adrenergic mediated and range from cocaine-associated acute coronary syndromes to aortic dissection and sudden cardiac death. Concomitant alcohol and cigarette smoking exacerbate the… CONTINUE READING