Coyote vocalizations: A lexicon and comparisons with other canids

  title={Coyote vocalizations: A lexicon and comparisons with other canids},
  author={P N Lehner},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
Vocalizations of free-ranging and captive coyotes (Canis latrans) were recorded from January 1972 through August 1975 . A lexicon of 11 vocalizations was constructed based on their : (1) sounds as perceived by the observer, (2) behavioural context, and (3) physical characteristics as determined through sound spectrographic analysis . The suspected functions and relative intensities of communication of the vocalizations are described . Comparisons are made with the vocalizations of other canids… CONTINUE READING

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