Covert Communication in Laboratories, Classrooms, and the Truly Real World

@article{Rosenthal2003CovertCI,
  title={Covert Communication in Laboratories, Classrooms, and the Truly Real World},
  author={Robert W. Rosenthal},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={12},
  pages={151 - 154}
}
  • R. Rosenthal
  • Published 1 October 2003
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
Hundreds of research studies have demonstrated that one person's expectations for the behavior of another person can actually affect that other person's behavior. These studies implicate the operation of processes of covert communication, communication that is subtle, largely nonverbal, and ordinarily unintended. The earliest studies of these processes showed that through their expectations, laboratory researchers unwittingly affected the responses of their research participants. Later studies… 
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Can Lineup Administrators Blind to the Suspect's Identity Influence Witnesses’ Decisions?
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    Psychiatry, psychology, and law : an interdisciplinary journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
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It is argued that different blind lineup administrators should be used for each witness to a crime, because a lineup administrator who is blind to the suspect's identity may bias a witness's decision if he or she has previously administered the lineup to another witness to the same crime.
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